(17) Freedom's Boundaries..., 1890–1900(1).pptx

Meanwhile american investment there increased by the

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Meanwhile, American investment there increased. By the 1890s, the US traded more with Cuba than did Spain. American economic interest and public sympathy sided with Cuba.
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Spanish American War “Cuban Insurrection of 1895” “Yellow Journalism” Sensationalist Press More concerned with paper sales than accuracy. Often made-up stories to sell papers. Previous | Next | Back to the Headline Ga llery
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Spanish American War More Buildup: “DePuy de Lome Letter” Spanish Ambassador Letter intercepted Said: President McKinley was “ weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowds .”
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Spanish American War Buildup: Theodore Roosevelt voice the opinion of many Americans: President McKinley “ has all the backbone of a chocolate éclair ” and “ This country needs a war .”
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Spanish American War “Remember the Maine” (Feb. 1898) Battleship USS Maine was on a port call to Havana, Cuba. It exploded, killing 260 sleeping sailors. Yellow Press blamed Spain for the explosion. (Turned out to be the coal bunker.) This started the war.
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President McKinley Asst. Navy Secretary, Theodore Roosevelt
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Spanish American War Pressure grew for war. April 11, McKinley sent a “War Message” to Congress. April 20, Congress declared Cuba “independent” and called for Spanish withdrawal. April 22, McKinley imposed a blockade of Cuba. April 24, Spain declared war on the U.S.
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Spanish American War “Charge of San Juan Hill” Rough Riders are best known for this. Roosevelt was the commander. Seizure of this hill and adjacent Kettle Hill allowed the capture of Santiago de Cuba Roosevelt hero—Elected Governor of New York
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Spanish American War Treaty of Paris (1898) Ended the war Cuba free U.S. to annex Puerto Rico U.S. to annex Philippines
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The Rest of the Story Platt Amendment [1901 Army Appropriation Bill] To protect U.S. business interests. Kept Cuba from signing treaties with other countries. Had to remain fiscally responsible U.S. base at Guantanamo. U.S. could intervene in Cuba to “protect life, property and individual liberty.”
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Rest of the Story Philippine Islands became a U.S. Commonwealth. Received Independence July 4, 1946. Puerto Rico is a U.S. Commonwealth.
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Where does the term “Gilded Age” come from and how does it relate to society in the late 1800s? Who were the “Robber Barons”? Cite and discuss two examples. What major political movement rose to oppose the inequities of the Gilded Age? Do you think the United States has fully addressed such issues? Why?
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