Identify explicit and implicit assumptions

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Identify explicit and implicit assumptions (values/beliefs) underlying the theory. On what assumptions does the theory build? “Nurses who are sensitive to others are better able to learn about another’s view of the world which, subsequently, increases concern for others’ comfort, recovery, and wellness. Nurses who recognize and use their sensitivity promote self- development and self-actualization, and are able to encourage the same growth in others. Without this factor nursing care would fall”
LIVING LEGEND THEORIST: JEAN WATSON 7 ( Watson, 2016). Nursing is categorized as a humanitarian science and characterized as a profession that performs personal, scientific, ethical, and aesthetical practice. Watson's theory of Human Caring aims to ensure a balance and harmony between health and illness experiences of a person. Watson states that in a holistic approach to caring for a human, there are mind-body- spirit sub-dimensions all of which reflect, as a whole is different from her/his sub-dimensions. Examine if the theory has a description of the four concepts of the nursing metaparadigm. If so, how are they explained in the theory? If the metaparadigm is not explained, what elements do you see as relevant to the theory and why? Watson Caring Factor emphasize the privilege that nurses have to uphold the commitment to present compassionate human caring to society and humanity in the sense of treating their patients as individual human being. Nurses often have a great deal of control of the environment, but without a consciousness of their obligations to take systematical responsibility for the environment to protect, support and/or correct the patient. Environment now takes on entirely different meaning with this evolved view, moving beyond physical environment, and having to pay attention to the nurse and his/her caring consciousness affecting the entire field. Discuss the clarity of the theory. Did it have lucidness and consistency? Although her definitions for her concepts are used consistently, Watson often uses words interchangeably in her theory. She acknowledges this for the soul, but not in other areas. For example, she discusses a caring transaction, occasion, or moment, which refers to the same phenomena. Until the reader is familiar with such aspects of Watson’s work, it can be confusing and misleading, especially when it leads to an inaccurate diagrammatical depiction of her theory
LIVING LEGEND THEORIST: JEAN WATSON 8 in published material. Other than that, there are no flaws in the structural consistency of her propositions. Overall, two other areas of Watson’s work need further development. Firstly, in the presentation of her theory, her philosophical underpinnings need to be more consistent; the theoretical definitions clearer and operationalized, terminology used more consistently. Secondly, in the research arena, further work is needed to validate all the carative factors with greater understanding of the spiritual domain, and empirical support is also required for the outcomes of transpersonal caring (Sourial, 1996).

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