Lecture8-MemoryStructuresForMeaning.pptx

Imagine the object filled with mashed potatoes and

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“Imagine the object filled with mashed potatoes and placed on a table.” Width/Height Ratio of Cup Percent Judging “Cup” Results from Labov’s Classification Experiment Cup Cup Bowl Bowl 18
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atypical Different Degrees of Strength for Slot/Attribute Membership in Schemas less prototypical highly prototypical moderately prototypical 19
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Brewer & Treyens Study: Prototypical Vs. Atypical Components of Schemas 20
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Brewer & Treyens Study: Prototypical Vs. Atypical Components of Schemas 21
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Brewer & Treyens Study: Prototypical Vs. Atypical Components of Schemas 97% remembered that the office had a chair, desk, and walls 22
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Brewer & Treyens Study: Prototypical Vs. Atypical Components of Schemas Only 27% recalled that the office had a bulletin board or skull 23
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Brewer & Treyens Study: Prototypical Vs. Atypical Components of Schemas However, 30% recalled (mistakenly) that the the office had books. 24
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Schemas as “Semantic Networks” (Collins & Quillian) 25
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Spreading of Ac tivation Schemas as “Semantic Networks” (Collins & Quillian) 26
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1. Canaries can sing 1310 milliseconds 2. Canaries have feather 1380 milliseconds 3. Canaries have skin 1470 milliseconds Reaction Time Evidence to Judge the Veracity of Sentences Represented in a Semantic Network 27
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Scripts: Action Schemas 28
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Scripts: Schemas for Action (e.g., going to a restaurant ) 73% Agreement 48% Agreement 23% Agreement 29
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  • Spring '14
  • V.Ferent
  • Health Psychology, Bransford, propositional representations, Franks Study

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