9. What are the steps in the presidential election cycle?
oPrimary elections allow voters registered as members of a particular party to select their party's candidates for the general electionoPrimary is open only to registered members of a particular party are called “closed primaries”oA few States hold “open primaries”in which voters do not declare their choice a party until they were in the privacy of the voting booth then they mark the appropriate party ballotoSome states permit crossover voting this allows Democrats to vote in the Republican primary and vice versaoMany states run a “presidential preference primaries”it gives candidates useful publicity but the results are not bindingoSupporters of the “primary system”argue that the primary serve three purposes:They weed out weak candidates Bring Candidates closer to the voters Help the country focus its attention on important national problemso4 out of 5 convention delegates are selected in primaries caucuses, and state conventions but both major parties reserve seats for their super-delegatesoThese delegates who are free to support any candidate are current or former Party leaders and elected officialsNational Convention:oNational conventions are one of the great spectacles in American politics oLarge cities are happy to host conventions which generate publicity as well as business oThe convention brings candidates and delegates together for a week of Summer Madness oThe political tensions built up during the long primary campaign are worked out in the wild floor demonstrationsoThe party's most popular personalities parade to the speaker's platform to praise the nominee and to snipe at the opposing party and its candidateo“Deadlocks”results in the heat of the floor fights, backroom deals with party leaders sometimes handed the nomination to a compromise “Dark Horse”candidateoAt time's the choice of the vice-presidential candidate is kept secret so as to build suspenseThe Campaign:oUsually begins on Labor Day, pace increases in September and OctoberElection Day:oOn the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of an election year, Americans go to their polling placesoOfficials post preliminary results a few hours after the poll closesInauguration:oThe election cycle end when the victorious candidate takes the oath of officeo“Lame Duck Period”weeks between the election and the swearing-in ceremonies
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