The French had relative low numbers. Much like their relationship with the Anishinaabeg, they established a mutually beneficial partnership with the Haudenosaunee. This was primarily oriented around the fur trade.However, the Haudenosaunee were not willing to let the French dominate the region economically. So, from 1642-1698 they engaged in the Beaver Wars with the French. This was a struggle for both political and economic supremacy in the area around New York.After over 50 years of conflict, the French agreed to let the Haudenosaunee control the fur trade. The English also agreed to these terms, at least temporarily.
Interaction with the BritishProceeded along similar lines as the French. The Haudenosaunee traded excess pelts, corn, and tobacco to the British, and maintained a position of relative strength until the French and Indian or Seven Years’ War in 1754.After this point, the British considered the Haudenosaunee British subjects. Unlike their treatment of the Anishinaabeg, however, the British considered the Haudenosaunee too strong militarily to control. They used this alliance to their advantage during the American Revolution. Initially, the Haudenosaunee wanted to stay out of the war, as they considered both Loyalists and Patriots to be British (and therefore friends). Ultimately, based on political and economic motives, the Cayuga, Mohawk, Onondaga, and Seneca sided with the British. The Oneida and Tuscarora joined the Americans.
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- Spring '11