Womens team sports nancy lieberman cline wbl waba

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Women’s Team Sports Nancy Lieberman-Cline (WBL, WABA, WNBA, even Globetrotters and men’s USBL) pioneered opportunities for female athletes. TV analyst for men’s and women’s games, author, coach, general manager, directed basketball camps for girls, president of Women’s Sports Foundation Women’s National Soccer Team 1991 World Cup, led by Mia Hamm; culminating in 1999 World Cup, 79K fans, Brandi Chastain goal
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Gender and Sexuality Athletes’ lives more scrutinized Women’s athletic achievements recognized Tension of eroticizing female body vs. emphasizing athletic achievement Martina Navratilova as symbol of athletic power on tennis court hired Lieberman as her trainer, Czech defector, out lesbian, rivalry with “feminine” Chris Evert
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Drug and Body Abuse By 1935, German scientists had isolated testosterone, which produced greater muscle mass and strength. Eventually spread to weight lifting, track and field, swimming, football players Governing bodies finally banned steroid usage in 1975 and began testing athletes (continued)
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Drug and Body Abuse (continued) Led to various nuanced means of avoiding tests or masking results Cocaine, scourge of 1980s (Bias, Howe, Taylor, Strawberry, Gooden, etc.) Ben Johnson, stripped of 1988 100-meter gold, exposed the scope of steroid problem (continued)
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Drug and Body Abuse (continued) WADA formed in 1999 in response to 1998 Tour de France crisis; USADA started 2000 Body dysmorphia, body image issues, for males and females
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Violence in Sport People more aggressive after watching
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  • Fall '19
  • Michael Jordan, Team sport, Air Jordan, Sports terminology, 1984 Summer Olympics

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