Method study concerned with the way in which work is

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Method- study concerned with “the way in which work is done (i.e., method)”. It is used to simplify the way to accomplish a work and to improve the method of production. Work-measurement is concerned with the value or work-content of the task itself (i.e., measurement). It is used to determine how long it should take to carry out the job. It also provides a yardstick for human effort. Work study helps to achieve the smooth production flow with minimum interruptions. There are eight steps in performing a complete work study. They are Select, Record, Examine, Develop, Evaluate, Define, Install, and Maintain. Method study is the systematic recording and critical examination or existing and proposed ways or doing work as a means or developing and applying easier and more effective methods and reducing cost. The job should be selected for the method study based upon Economic aspect, Technical aspect, and Human aspect. Charts used in method study can be broadly divided into (A) Macro motion charts and (B) Micro motion charts. Macro motion charts are used for macro motion study and micro motion charts are used for micro motion study. Macro motion study is one which can be measured through ‘stop watch’ and micro motion study is one which cannot be measured through stop watch. Graphical method of recording was originated by Gilberth, in order to make the presentation of the facts clearly without any ambiguity and to enable to grasp them quickly and clearly.
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167 11.7 TERMINAL EXERCISES 1) State the key objective of work study 2) The two broad divisions of work study are _________ and ___________ 3) _________ is a means of enhancing the production efficiency (productivity) of the firm by elimination of waste and unnecessary operations. 4) The number of steps in performing a complete work study is ______ 5) What is method study? 6) State any three scope of method study 7) The charts which are broadly classified into ______ and _______ 8) What are the methods of diagrams in motion study? 11.8 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS - management-tutorial-295/work-study-time-and-motion-study-1569.html 11.9 ASSIGNMENT 1) What are the symbols used in method study in manufacturing organizations? 2) Discuss the importance of pictures and diagrams in operations management 11.10 SUGGESTED READINGS / REFERENCE BOOKS / SET BOOKS 1) Monks, G.J. Operations Management, McGraw Hill, 1987. 2) Chary, S.N. Theory and Problems in Production and Operations Management, Tata McGraw Hill, 1995. 3) Aquileno, et al. Fundamentals of Operations Managements Irwinm, 1995. 4) Hicks, P.E. Industrial Engineering and Management, McGraw Hill, 1994. 5) Rigga, L.J. Production Systems, Planning, Analysis & Control, John Wiley, 1996 6) Jay Heizer & Barry Render, Production and Operations Management, Prentice Hall Inc., 4 th edition, 1996.
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