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men were encouraged to ejaculate infrequently in order to conserve yang energy, but women were encouraged to orgasm a lot to create more yin energy. 7. How did the Hindus of ancient India view sex? what is the Kama Sutra?-Most famous of all for encouraging sexual pleasure as a spiritual ideal (temples has erotic sculptures) the Kama Sutra codified Hindu sexual practices- this manual illustrates sexual positions (contortionst) and includes recipes for aphrodisiacs- it categories man by the size of their penis and women by their vagina and says a good match is important but better to be tight than too loose- the Kama Sutra is evidence of theHindu belief that sex is a religious duty, not a source of shame or guilt. Hindu deities were portrayed as having opposite-sex as well as same-sex activities- sexual fulfillment was regarded as one possible way to be reincarnated at a higher level of existence.8. In the U.S., who were the Puritans, and how did they view sex? how did this attitude begin to change after the Revolutionary War?-Puritans were religious groups that fled England and tried to set up a biblically based society in the New World- they had severe punishments for sexual transgressions. Ex: sodomy, bestiality, adultery, and rape were all punishable by death penalty- they believed sexuality was good and right only within marriage. After the revolutionary war the influence of the church began to dwindle in the U.S. so that led to more liberal sexual attitudes and behaviors- the U.S. entered a period of practical, utilitarian philosophy which stressed the individual’s right to pursue personal happiness, people began speakingmore openly in regards to love and sex 9. How were slaves and Native American Indians viewed/treated by white Americans?-Native Americans were viewed as savages because they accepted premarital sex and polygamy, which existed mainly bc lots of men were killed in war, white men who raped Native American women could not be convicted of rape, bc the testimony was not valid from a “savage Indian” 10. What was the Free Love Movement of the 1820s?-Free Love Movement in the 1820s preached that love, not marriage, should be the requirement for sexual relations- many free love advocates viewed women who were married as “sexual slaves”- while opponents of free love said free love was about promiscuity, that wasn’t true; free love said sex should always be tied to love11. By the end of the 19thCentury, the medical model of sex began to emerge – what is this, and know examples of their views (ex: views about masturbation . . .)
-Americans became obsessed with sexual health, and physicians said masturbation could lead to blindness and other ailments. Homosexuality was often underground with some relationships out in the open. Ex: Walt Whitman had relationships with men- during this time period physicians began to argue that homosexuality was an illness rather than a sin.