readmission rates within a 30-day window. And for this reason, hospitals are given financial incentives in what is called the hospital readmission reduction program. Organizations, therefore, collect information on patients with conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, pneumonia, and heart failure among others. This information is then used by the organizations in formulating ways of improving outcomes. Another type of data that may be collected is disease data which is collected in what is called patient or disease registry. This type of data is used to track certain medical conditions such as chronic diseases. These may include cancer, Alzheimer's disease, asthma or diabetes. Information that can be used to manage certain medical conditions can be found in these registries. Researchers in need of information on Alzheimer may access it in the GAAIN registry (Global Alzheimer's Association Interactive Network). Hospitals may also improve cardiovascular care by accessing information in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry. From this registry, they can access huge amounts of information and research done on the disease. It is important to note that there are registries of many other diseases and other kinds of data. Data collection in medicine is motivated by the need to solve the worldwide problems of humanity such as combating diseases and forecasting epidemics and reducing workloads. Medical agencies may also collect data for the purpose of analyzing in an attempt to find ways of increasing profits. In healthcare, reports from analyzed data may also be used to improve communication between patients and doctors, advanced treatment methods, enhance health outcomes, personalize treatments and create holistic views on patients. For example, information collected in an EHR system may come from multiple sources and it may include procedures that the patient underwent, current health problems, clinical observations, medications taken and diagnoses (Blobel, B2006). The medical card
THEORY IN HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS 6 may also send reminders to patients reminding them to comply with prescriptions or inform them on the need to be tested again. By using this kind of data, doctors are able to provide adequate treatment, establish a connection between symptoms and give an accurate diagnosis. Through research and analysis of collected medical data, wearable electronic devices have also been introduced in the field of medicine. These devices have greatly aided diagnosis. Body conditions can be monitored using these wearable electronic devices that are fitted with sensors. These wearables are great in aiding data collection and can even send collected information to a doctor (Linder, & Kaib, 2004). Medical data collection and analysis has also led to the improvement of telemedicine.
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- Fall '19
- Electronic health record, Healthcare Informatics