Within the braminicorthodox paradigm there is no

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-Within the Braminic/orthodox paradigm, there is NO space for an ideal woman who does not fulfill the role of wife and mother. Auspiciousness Notion of good fortune. The Pativrata is marked by her auspiciousness. It is scripted on women’s bodies. They also have the ability to share auspiciousness (i.e. she fasts and thinks about her husband, she passes it on to him). This idea of sharing is also linked to fertility and marriage and the passing on of good fortune. This is seen as the source of a woman’s power, but also threatening. Markers of Auspiciousness: Tali/mangal sutra Marriage cord Symbolic nature, conditional nature; represents her responsibility to her husband and not supposed to come off; “having your husband's life around her neck”. Sindura-dana Red powder placed in the part of the hair. Symbolic of the redirection of menstrual flow for fertility and procreation. Pottu/Bindi Placed on the forehead, varies depending on the caste, class, etc. Become more fashionable that does not actually represent aspects of their life.
Bangles Circular, having no beginning and no end. Symbolized chastity, the couple is supposed to stay together through multiple lives. Visual Markers of Widowhood Shaved head White clothing Bangles When women become widows, every aspect of auspiciousness is removed from appearance. Powder is removed from hair, bangles are broken, etc. They are considered pretty inauspicious, and can cause problems. Especially if they are young. Expectations include a life of chasteness, not allowed to remarry, and they are barred from ritual society. In contemporary India, many people follow widow reform practices and do not follow such strict rules. Widow Reform Practices -Pandita Ramabai made these reforms. She was educated in Sanskrit, married at 22, and after 2 years of marriage she was widowed. -After her husband died, she was interested in women's activism. -She critiqued institutions of marriage and widowhood. She converted to Christianity and opened the first ever residential school for Hindu widows. -Many women were not given skills or protection in the case that their husband dies. This is still an issue, but has been changed significantly over the years. -Although legally widows are ot supposed to be treated differently, they are culturally and this makes their lives quite difficult. -Traditional ideas create a difficult space for Hindu women. April 7, 2020 The Decolonised Body Religions and spiritualities now and how they have worked against colonisation and strive for individuality. To decolonise means to exposed and overcome ongoing colonial dynamics that continue to shape how people live and come to know themselves. Indigenous Resurgence Pan-Indigeneity: representing indigenous communities as one homogenous, universal group.

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