African American history paper 2 unrevised

8 in 1857 the decision in the dred scott case would

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8 In 1857 the decision in the Dred Scott case would bring things to a fever pitch. Morris Cohn explains that,“The decision...in the famous Dred Scott case...was instrumental in making the issue graver and more acute, until open rebellion broke out, and this was succeeded by 7 Albert Castel, . "Civil War Kansas and the Negro." The Journal of Negro History Vol. 51, No. 2 (1966): 125 8 James Rawley Race & politics; "bleeding Kansas" and the coming of the Civil War . Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1969. 135
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secession and civil war.” 9 In its ruling the court had just declared that the federal government has no authority to decide matters of slavery in the territories. The Missouri compromise was thrown out, furthermore the court ruled that African Americans were not protected under the constitution. They weren't even citizens according to the court. Chief justice Taney had hoped this would lead to the end of the slavery debate. This was obviously not the case, and unfortunately for the nation “the Taney Court developed an antielitist, fundamentally amoral conception of judicial authority that took deference to popular will as its foundation and both further the court's larger agenda and supported...the disparities of racial and class power within the union” 10 The supreme court had just opened the floodgates. Forces on both sides of the issue marshaled their strength, they became more partisan, more divided. The nation was on the precipice of war, it only needed one final push. That push would come in the form of Abraham Lincolns victory in the 1860 election. South Caronlina would secede not long after, followed shortly by the rest of the confederacy. As we have seen their secession and the civil war can be clearly traced back to the Louisiana Purchase. The increase in available land brought the slavery issue to the front of every Americans mind. Without the purchase slavery may have died out on its own, a natural death for an unnatural system, However, with the possibility of expansion the Southern states saw a way to preserve their way of life. From purchase, to compromises, to divisions, to bloodshed and finally war, the dots are connected and the picture clear; the Louisiana Purchase led to the civil war. 9 Morris Cohn "The Dred Scott Case in the Light of Later Events." The Virginia Law Register Vol. 18 No. 6 (1912): 401 10 Austin Allen Origins of the Dred Scott case: Jacksonian jurisprudence and the Supreme Court, 1837-1857 . Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press,
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How the Louisiana Purchase Caused the Civil War Chris Osowiecki A08473882 10 December 2012 HIST3791/AFAM1100: “African American History I”
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