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Improve the oxygen-carrying capacity of hemoglobinA nurse is providing home care for a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Which order should the nurse question?Oxygen 4 L/min per nasal cannulaA patient prescribed theophylline for asthma has a theophylline level of 3 mcg/dL. What should the nurse do?Notify the physicianThe nurse enters the room of a patient who is acutely short of breath. Which action should the nurse take first?Encourage use of pursed-lip breathingThe nurse is providing care for a patient prescribed tiotropium (Spiriva). Which statement should be included in the patient education?"Do not swallow the capsules."The nurse is caring for a patient with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Which medication can help reduce acute dyspnea associated with this disease?V morphineA patient's arterial blood gas analysis shows a PaCO2 of 62 mm Hg. What action shouldthe nurse take?
Notify the RN; this is abnormally highA patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease works with the nurse to set a goal of ambulating to the bathroom with oxygen. Which statement best documents progress toward this goal?"Ambulated to bathroom with oxygen, dyspnea level 3 on a 0-to-10 scale."A patient with cystic fibrosis has ineffective airway clearance. What intervention wouldworsen this problem?Bed restThe nurse is assisting in the preparation of content that focuses on respiratory health for a community health fair. What should the nurse include as a major risk factor for many respiratory problems?SmokingA patient has difficulty raising pulmonary secretions, and the nurse writes a nursing diagnosis of "Ineffective Airway Clearance related to weak cough and fatigue." What would best help the patient maintain a clear airway?Instruct in abdominal and pursed-lip breathing.A patient with a lung infection has blood-tinged sputum. What term should the nurse use to document this finding?HematemesisA nurse performs purified protein derivative and Candida skin tests on a patient suspected of TB. After 48 hours, what finding at the injection sites should the nurse document as a positive result?IndurationA patient with suspected TB is prescribed a Candida skin test. What should the nurse explain as the purpose of this test?Provides a control testThe nurse is reviewing the health histories for an assigned group of patients. Which patient should the nurse identify as being the most at risk for TB?The patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndromeThe nurse is reviewing medication orders for a patient with TB. Which drugs should the nurse expect to have prescribed for this patient?Isoniazid and rifampin
A patient with TB who is in respiratory isolation must go to the x-ray department. Which action should the nurse take?Place a mask over the patient's nose and mouthThe nurse teaches a patient with TB about drug therapy. Which patient statement indicates that teaching has been effective?