Fig. 3: Process model for analysing regional strategy formation (Source: Wiechmann 2007b) Fig. 3 contains the basic elements of the process model and their internal interactions. The left side of the figure represents the linear strategy model. The right side reflects the adaptive strategy model. Following Friedrich von Hayek’s (Hayek 1969) distinction between two types of orders one could assign the linear strategy model to the planned human made order of the ‘taxis’ and the adaptive strategy model to the spontaneous or emergent order
Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development – A Process Model for Regional Strategy Formation Thorsten Wiechmann 8 of the unplanned cosmos. Consequently the model encompasses not only intended but also realised strategies. Both, the perspective of the rationalists, who see strategy development as an intended course of action, and the perspective of the incrementalists, in which the realised course of action determines strategy development, are considered. Therewith the process model combines the two basic understandings of ‘strategy’: the formulated strategy as a product of intentional planning (strategy as plan) and the realised strategy as a product of both induced and emergent strategy formation (strategy as pattern). Elements of the process model Strategic concept The model focuses on the process of strategy formation. Starting point is the strategic concept . By defining the fundamental objectives of a region it provides a more or less shared frame of reference for the strategic actors. The strategic concept contains the explicitly articulated intentions of a region. Mostly it consists of formal outputs of strategic planning processes in the form of plans, programmes, concepts, records, or stipulations on resource allocations. Normally it comprises more than one document. The model does not determine how the strategic concept is generated. A priori the model for analysing regional strategy formation does not differentiate the process of strategy formulation as it can take very different courses. The regional approach of strategy formation is nevertheless an important aspect of the strategic concept. Induced strategic behaviour Induced strategic behaviour involves all intentional actions that are on the one hand relevant for the realization of the fundamental objectives of a region and on the other hand directly (or indirectly via the institutional context) triggered or motivated by the strategic concept. Induced strategic behaviour usually tends to implement the objectives and measures contained in the strategic concept. Insofar inconsistent behaviour is triggered by the strategic concept induced behaviour can also be in opposition. Strategy implementation Strategy implementation is the outcome of actions induced by the strategic concept. According to the linear strategy model the success of strategic planning has to be valued with regard to the conformance with the plan.
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- Regional Strategy Formation