ch15

Psychology in Action

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528) 15.18 What are the major contributions and criticisms of biomedical therapy? (p. 530) 15.19 Identify the five most common goals of therapy, and discuss the eclectic approach. (p. 532) 15.20 Identify the six key types of mental health professionals. (p. 533) 15.21 Briefly summarize the major effects of mental disorders, like PTSD, on the family. (p. 534) 15.22 Describe the major similarities and differences in therapy across cultures. (p. 535) 15.23 What are the unique concerns of women in therapy? (p. 536) 15.24 Discuss problems with involuntary commitment and deinstitutionalization. (p. 537) 15.25 Is therapy effective, and how can we find a good therapist? (p. 538) 15.26 Briefly summarize how to deal with someone who’s seriously depressed. (p. 539) Instructor's Resource Guide                               Chapter 15                                         Page  203
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  C hapter S ummary/ L ecture O rganizer I. INSIGHT THERAPIES A. Psychoanalysis/Psychodynamic Therapies - The psychoanalytic method of therapy was developed by Sigmund Freud to uncover unconscious conflicts and bring them into conscious awareness. These conflicts were believed to stem from childhood experiences. 1. Goals and Methods of Freudian Psychoanalysis - The five major methods of psychoanalysis are free association, dream analysis, identifying resistance, working through transference, and interpretation. In free association , the patient says whatever comes to mind, regardless of how painful, embarrassing, or irrelevant it may seem. Dream analysis is similar to free association, the content of dreams is examined on a superficial level (manifest content) and a deeper level (latent content) that is presumed to reveal the true hidden meaning. Resistance is a stage in psychoanalysis where the patient avoids (resists) the analyst's attempts to bring unconscious material to conscious awareness. Transference is the process whereby the patient displaces (or transfers) onto his or her relationship with the therapist emotions experienced in the past--especially relationships with the mother or father or other important figures. Interpretation is the psychoanalyst's explanation of the significance of a patient's free associations, dreams, resistance, and transference. The therapist attempts to tie what has been learned by these methods to problem patterns of behavior. 2. Evaluating Psychoanalysis - Like psychoanalytic theories of personality, psychoanalysis has been the subject of great debate. There are two major areas of criticism. It has limited availability because it is time-consuming, expensive, and therefore is restricted to only a small group of people. It has also been criticized for a lack of scientific credibility, particularly the inability to prove or disprove its theories. Modern psychodynamic therapies are designed to overcome some of these limitations.
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