Only Eupatrids could run for these offices only Eupatrids could elect Eupatrid

Only eupatrids could run for these offices only

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Only Eupatrids could run for these offices, only Eupatrids could electEupatrid rule characterized by intense competitionoTrying to secure control of state for own familyEupatrid (Kylon) seizes Acropolis in 630 BCEKylon defeated and executed by Megacles (Alcmeonids – now under curse for blood-guilt)oWhile Kylon was on Acropolis, Megacles surrounded it with troops to starve them outoKylon surrendered on the condition of safe passageoMegacles agreed, but killed Kylon et al, thrown out of Athens620 BCE – Athenian law codified by Drakon oDraconian = harshoAny crime punishable by death because small crimes should be punishable by death and large crimes with worse consequences, but couldn’t think of somethingCauses of Stasis620 BCE-594 BCERapid increase in Athenian economic developmentExpansion of tradeSwitch to cash crops (i.e. Olives and Grapes)Growing separation between rich and pooroRich getting richer, poor getting poorerAristocracy arranged into factions (The Hill, The Coast, The Plain)Hektemoroi: lease land/purchase seed etc. from wealthy; pay rent of 1/6 of crop; debt secured against personal freedomo“One-Sixthers”oPayments counted as interest, principle amount never goes downoDebt bondage600 BCE – Factional conflict, class conflict, and crushing debt create civil strifeoFactions (gangs) supported each other politicallyPlutarch,Solon13 On Athens and the End of the 7th Century BCE“The Athenians, now that Cylon’s sedition was over and those polluted by blood-guilt had gone into banishment, fell into their old quarrels about the form of government, there beings as many different parties as there were geographical diversities in the country. The Hill quarter favoured an extreme democracy, the Plain an extreme oligarchy, and the shore stood for a mixed form of government and opposed the other two parties, thus preventing either of them from prevailing. At that time too the disparity between rich and poor had reached its height. The city was on the brink of revolution, and the only way to stop disorder and achieve stability seemed to be by changing to a tyranny. All the common people were in debt to the rich. They either tilled their land for them, paying them a sixth of their produce and were therefore called Hectemorii [Sixth-parters] and Thetes, or they pledged their bodies to raise money and could be seized by their creditors and either enslaved at home or sold to foreigners. Some (for no law forbade it) were forced to sell their children or go into exile to avoid the harshness of their creditors. The most
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and bravest of them, however, began to band together and to encourage one another not to submit to injustice but to choose a leader, liberate the enslaved debtors, redivide the land, and change the form of government.” (Lim & Bailkey, 2002) Solon’s Solution594 BCESolon (Eupatrid) runs for archon based on debt relief and political reformElected archon in 594 BCEBanned hektemorage
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