midterm review - final copy

Marriage including polygamy was sacred jews were told

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marriage (including polygamy) was sacred; Jews were told by God “go forth and multiply” women are sometimes portrayed as loyal and powerful (Queen Esther) 2. the story of Adam and Eve and its interpretation the creation myth of Judaism justifies patriarchal rule in Western culture lays out the fundamental order of the universe, with God as supreme creator and ruler man in God’s image, but imperfect woman as man’s mate (and temptress) man to rule over animals and the earth o the female serpent (Satan) offers the fruit to Eve o Eve tempts Adam with the fruit o he takes it and God chastises them o they are driven from the garden o they must cover their genitals with leaves of fig o death and suffering; shame about sexuality; loss of immortality o childbearing and hard labor enter the world
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Week 3 the “fall of mankind” o Adam is imperfect; Eve is weak and associated with Satan o man can easily be tempted into wrongdoing by women o monogamous heterosexual marriage was created by God it can’t be changed by people, would be wrong “Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve” 3. the story of Sodom and Gomorrah and its interpretation with the rise of the Gay Movement, the traditional interpretation of this story has been challenged interpreted for over 2000 years as condemning non-procreative sexuality God hears bad things about the cities of the plain, which are made up of mostly non-Jews a Jew named Lot lives in Sodom God sends two angels to Lot’s house to check up on the rumors about the horrible cities the men of Sodom gather around Lot’s house after he lets the angels inside o they want to “know” the angels o Lot offers his virgin daughters instead, but the Sodomites refuse o God strikes the Sodomites blind and tells Lot to flee and not look back o Lot flees the city with his wife and daughters, God destroys the cities o Lot’s wife looks back and is turned into a pillar of salt (echoes the sin of Eve) o after Lot and his daughters escape, the daughters decide to get Lot drunk so that he’ll have sex with them o since they are isolated they fear they won’t be able to have children otherwise procreation was an overriding value for the ancient Jews (incest was not as bad as homosexual behavior) o the daughters conceive and their offspring are the founders of other, non-Jewish tribes the implication of the story seems to be that if the sin of the Sodomites was homosexual lust, that is worse than fornication (sex before marriage), adultery, and incest
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Week 3 another implication is that women (the daughters) are to blame for the incest, not men, which echoes the Adam and Eve story 4. neo-Platonism a religious and ethical system developed by ancient philosophers who studied Plato center was Alexandria in Egypt extremely pessimistic, probably reflected the social chaos of the decline of the Greek city states flourished for four centuries (100 BCE to 400 CE)
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