Horse had existed in americas but went extinct ii

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Horse had existed in Americas, but went extinctii.Animalsc.Given by natives to Europeansi.Today is slow; takes decades to maim or killii.Italian Wars of 1490s - French brought Syphilis with themiii.1 million diediv.Syphilis: the gift the keeps givingd.Spaniards found a bunch of small, incoherent warring statesi.Maya in decline, Peru/Inca rather farii.Aztecs in Mexico -> oh hiiii.What was worth conquering?a.Aztecs at least as sophisticated as European Civilization back homei.A few hundred men, a few weeks1)Conquered by Spanish conquistadoresii.The defenders were dead already1)Horsesa)Cannonb)Spaniards had two tech advantages2)Disease carried conquest; preceded armiesiii.How did the conquistadores do it?b.Way to conquer is to decapitate leadership, take overi.The conquest of Mexicoc.Ruling native kingdomsd.Military ConquestIV.Silvera.Economic ConquestV.History 5 Page 12
Discovered by blackmailing people for silver locationsi.Potosi - massive Silver Minesii.1 billion ounces of silver in total1)Spanish ships imported 10 million ounces/yeariii.Silvera.Rotating work; 1/7 of the population each yeari.Mining is dangerous workii.Bring in Africans1)Need legal courts, bureaucrats2)Natives dying too quickly, running offiii.Laborb.Includes all labor attached to the land1)Grant of land from Spanish government in reward for servicei.Territory size of US split into 500 giant estates1)Usually for conquistadores; 500 of these in totalii.The encomienda systemc.Extension of Reconquistai.Conversion at core of conquesta.If ruler was committing crimes against own people, is ok to unseat1)Problem: ritual human sacrifice, comrades2)Just War - conquest allowed if it helps converti.Spaniards used doctrine to argue that natives were Satanic, antireligiousii.Must save through Christianityiii.Just War doctrineb.Largest attempted conversion in historyi.Were example, not force1)At first, practiced what they preacheda)Then tried God's angerb)Persuasion, not coercion2)Beatings to convince people to convert3)1539 - policy: light punishments were appropriate in the act of conversion4)Franciscan Missionaries - Yucatan Peninsulaii.Force sons of Indian noblemen to be come and educated in Christian schools1)Sons sent back, act as missionaries2)Yucatan Franciscans:iii.Conversion in Mexicoc.Discovery: Franciscans -> all conversions were shami.Indians tortured for not convertingii.Las Casas and the defense of Indiansd.Syncretisme.Spiritual ConquestVI.History 5 Page 13
Must be analytical, argumentativeConcessive answer ok, but need to make clear sidesPrimary sources onlyUse Chicago style sourcing?Can get carried by primary sources for 1/2Write in topic sentencesGet to the pointUse multiple sourcesPaper1492 - Columbus1512 - Machiavelli1517 - LutherHumanism; human possibilityMachiavelli rejects medieval waysRenaissanceAbuse of indigenous peopleDiscovery -> not true, natives already here

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