Sprain strain muscle cramp 102 chapter 4 physical

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sprain strain muscle cramp 102 Chapter 4 Physical Activity for Life Many minor sports injuries can be treated by following the R.I.C.E. procedure. Which part of the R.I.C.E. procedure is pictured here? Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect the bones to one another at a moveable joint. Sprains result if these bands are stretched or torn.
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Major injuries include: Fractures and Dislocations. Fractures are any break in a bone. A fracture causes swelling and often extreme pain, and it usually requires immobilization to heal properly. Dislocations result when a bone is forced from its normal position at a joint. A dislocation sometimes causes a “popping” sound when it occurs. A physician must put the bone back into place and immobilize the joint so that the tissue can heal. Tendonitis. This is a condition in which the tendons, bands of fiber that connect muscles to bones, are stretched or torn from overuse. Treatment includes rest, medication, and physical therapy. Concussions. Concussions result from blows to the head and can cause swelling of the brain, resulting in unconsciousness or even death. Concussions can also lead to serious neurological problems. If you receive any blow to the head and experience headache, dizziness, or loss of memory or consciousness, see a health care professional immediately. Applying Health Skills Communication Skills. Imagine that your friend has suffered a minor sprain to her ankle while in-line skating. Analyze and de- scribe how she could use the R.I.C.E. pro- cedure to respond to this accidental injury. Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. What is hypothermia ? With which types of weather is this condition often associated? 2. Analyze and describe strategies for preventing and responding to the accidental injuries described in this lesson. 3. Identify which injuries described in this lesson require the attention of professional health services. Thinking Critically 4. Evaluating. Explain why muscle cramps might be more dangerous for a swimmer than for a jogger. 5. Analyzing. On a hot day, a runner begins to have trouble breathing and also becomes pale, dizzy, and nauseated. From what condition is this runner likely to be suffering? Analyze and describe strategies for responding to this condition. W O R D P R O C E S S I N G Use a word- processing program to create your own chart outlining the R.I.C.E. procedure. See health.glencoe.com for tips on how to get the most from your word-processing program. Lesson 5 Physical Activity Injuries 103 This teen’s safety gear helps protect him from serious injury. What type of serious injury might the face mask prevent? health.glencoe.com HS_HEALTH_U02_C04_L5 12/6/03 8:27 AM Page 103
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H E A L T H runners, so shoes for walking need more room at the front for the feet to spread.
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