Readers to make a change in either their thoughts or

This preview shows page 187 - 191 out of 646 pages.

readers to make a change in either their thoughts or their actions. Challenging your readers to see thesubject through new eyes is a powerful way to ease yourself and your readers out of the essay.4.4 Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs | 175
TipWhen closing your essay, do not expressly state that you are drawing to a close. Relying onstatements such asin conclusion,it is clear that,as you can see, orin summationis unnecessaryand can be considered trite.TipIt is wise to avoid doing any of the following in your conclusion:• Introducing new material• Contradicting your thesis• Changing your thesisUsing apologies or disclaimersIntroducing new material in your conclusion has an unsettling effect on your reader. When youraise new points, you make your reader want more information, which you could not possiblyprovide in the limited space of your final paragraph.Contradicting or changing your thesis statement causes your readers to think that you do notactually have a conviction about your topic. After all, you have spent several paragraphs adhering176 | 4.4 Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs
to a singular point of view. When you change sides or open up your point of view in theconclusion, your reader becomes less inclined to believe your original argument.By apologizing for your opinion or stating that you know it is tough to digest, you are in factadmitting that even you know what you have discussed is irrelevant or unconvincing. You do notwant your readers to feel this way. Effective writers stand by their thesis statement and do notstray from it.Exercise 3On a separate sheet of a paper, restate your thesis fromExercise 2of this section and then makesome general concluding remarks. Next, compose a final emphatic statement. Finally,incorporate what you have written into a strong conclusion paragraph for your essay.CollaborationPlease share with a classmate and compare your answersMariah incorporates some of these pointers into her conclusion. She has paraphrased her thesisstatement in the first sentence.In a society fixated on the latest and smartest digital technology, a consumer can easily becomeconfused by the countless options and specifications. The ever-changing state of digitaltechnology challenges consumers with its updates and add-ons and expanding markets andincompatible formats and restrictions–a fact that is complicated by salesmen who want to sellthem anything. In a world that is increasingly driven by instant gratification, it’s easy for peopleto buy the first thing they see. The solution for many people should be to avoid buying onimpulse. Consumers should think about what they really need, not what is advertised.4.4 Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs | 177
TipMake sure your essay is balanced by not having an excessively long or short introduction orconclusion. Check that they match each other in length as closely as possible, and try to mirrorthe formula you used in each. Parallelism strengthens the message of your essay.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 646 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Winter
Professor
Boyer
Tags
Writing, Writer

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture