Mahatma Gandhi started the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 within Dandi Gujarat where

Mahatma gandhi started the salt satyagraha in 1930

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Mahatma Gandhi started the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 within Dandi, Gujarat where he manufactured Salt, broke the Salt Law and started a nationwide civil disobedience. It was a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly in colonial India. This was the most significant organized challenge to British authority since the Non-cooperation movement and directly followed the Purna Swaraj declaration by the Indian National Congress in the1930’s.The Quit India MovementThe Quit India movement was the final nationalist movement in India. Gandhi started it in 1942 in response to the Cripps mission. oThe Cripps mission was formed by a group of British individuals to see how India would look when it was independent.oThe Indians had control over defense but not over foreign affairsoAnd from this we get the “Quit India” movementthe political ideology: Britain couldn’t stop the Japanese incursion in Burma, so why and how will they protect India.oDuring this movement, there was a lot of communal unrest notably in Calcutta due to the famine.oGandhi went on a 21 day fast and there were 100,000 arrests.
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Describe relations between different communities in South Asia (Hindu, Muslim, Dalit, etc..). How did communalism arise in the subcontinent? What is the connection between communalism and partition?Hindus constitute the bulk of the population and they inhabit in all parts of the country. Muslims constitute the largest religious minority. But the adjustment between the Hindus and Muslims has been a failure several times, resulting in violent communal riots.In the communal riots during partition, millions of people were rendered homeless while millions of others lost theirproperty. Communalism was responsible for the division of the country into India and Pakistan. The partition was expected to resolve the riddle, but it failed. Communalism is a political doctrine, which makes use of religious and cultural differences to achieve political ends.Early 1900’s The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885, claiming that it had the objective of obtaining a greater share ingovernment for educated Indians and to create a platform for civic and political dialogue of educated Indians with the British Raj.But Within the next few years, the demands of the INC became more radical in the face of constant opposition from the government, and the party decided to advocate in favour of the independence movement, as it would allow for a new political system in which they could be a major party.1920’s onwardThe last stages of the independence struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Gandhi's policy of nonviolence and civil resistance, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's constitutional struggle for the rights of minorities in India,and several other campaigns.Muhammad Ali Jinnah pushed for more rights of minorities:Muslim League 1906oIt was a political party established in the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire. Its
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  • Winter '15
  • Rachel Berger
  • History, British Raj, Indian National Congress, Indian Rebellion of 1857, united India

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