Vassilopoulos et al BC 2015 FINAL.doc

Beck depression inventory ii bdi ii beck steer brown

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Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II; Beck, Steer & Brown, 1996) The revised BDI is a 21-item self-report instrument for measuring the severity of depression in adults and adolescents aged 13 years and older during the preceding 6
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Anticipatory processing and metacognition two weeks. Each item is responded to by selecting from a set of statements related to a particular depressive symptom, scored from 0 to 3. Research has shown that the BDI- II has good internal consistency, reliability and validity (Beck, Steer, & Garbin, 1988). The questionnaire has been translated and validated for the Greek language (Mystakidou, Tsilika, Parpa, Smyrniotis, Galanos & Vlachos, 2007). In the current sample, Cronbach’s α = .85. Anticipatory Processing Questionnaire (APQ; Vassilopoulos, 2004) The APQ is an 18 item self-report questionnaire assessing the extent to which an individual engages in anticipatory processing, or a detailed review of what is going to happen during an impending anxiety-producing event together with recurrent images of the self and recollections of past similar events. In the current study, the original visual analogue scale was changed to a 4-point Likert scale with anchors from 1 ( none at all ) to 4 ( very much ). Items are summed (apart from item 17, which has a yes/no response format) to give a total score for each individual. The APQ has been found to be reliable, showing high internal consistency ( α = .91, Vassilopoulos, 2004). In the current sample, Cronbach’s α = .85. Positive Beliefs about Rumination Scale – Adapted for Social Anxiety (PBRS- SA; Wong & Moulds, 2010) The PBRS-SA is a nine-item self-report questionnaire designed to measure the extent to which an individual considers recurrent thinking about social events/interactions to be a useful coping strategy. Each item is rated on a 4-point Likert type scale (1 = do not agree to 4 = agree very much ). The PBRS-SA has good internal consistency ( α = .88, Wong & Moulds, 2010). In the current sample, Cronbach’s α = .84. Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30; Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 2004) The MCQ-30 is a 30-item self-report questionnaire that assesses individual differences in metacognitive beliefs, judgments, and monitoring tendencies. The five factors (derived by factor analysis) within the questionnaire include Cognitive Confidence, Positive Beliefs, Self-Consciousness, Uncontrollability, and Danger of Thoughts and Need to Control Thoughts. Items are scored on a 4-point Likert scale (1 = do not agree , 4 = strongly agree ). The MCQ-30 is reported to have good internal consistency (Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 2004). For the purposes of the current study, 7
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Anticipatory processing and metacognition only the positive beliefs about worry subscale was used, and in the current sample, Cronbach’s alpha was good ( α = .85). All the measures described so far (apart from PBRS-SA and MCQ-30) have been successfully used in many Greek studies. PBRS-SA and MCQ-30 were translated into Greek by the first author and back-translated by two independent bi- lingual psychologists. The back-translated questionnaires were then compared to the originals, and a few minor modifications were applied.
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  • Fall '19
  • Social anxiety disorder, Alprazolam

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