Additionally in the ninth century the persian

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Marinus of Tire as opposed to Ptolemy. Additionally in the ninth century, the Persian mathematician and geographer, Habash al-Hasib al- Marwazi, utilized the utilization circular trigonometry and guide projection strategies keeping in mind the end goal to change over polar directions to an alternate arrange framework fixated on a particular point on the circle, in this the Qibla, the course to Mecca. Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī (973– 1048) later created thoughts which are viewed as a reckoning of the polar organize framework. Around 1025, he depicts a polar equi-azimuthal equidistant projection of the heavenly circle. In any case, this sort of projection had been utilized as a part of antiquated Egyptian star-maps and was not to be completely created until the 15 and sixteenth hundreds of years. In the mid tenth century, Abū Zayd al-Balkhī, initially from Balkh, established the "Balkhī school" of earthbound mapping in Baghdad. The geographers of this school likewise composed widely of the people groups, items, and traditions of regions in the Muslim world, with little
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enthusiasm for the non-Muslim domains. The "Balkhī school", which included geographers, for example, Estakhri, al-Muqaddasi and Ibn Hawqal, delivered world map books, every one highlighting a world guide and twenty territorial maps.
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  • Spring '16
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