This wall would allow a defence force with troops behind it and some on top of

This wall would allow a defence force with troops

This preview shows page 11 - 14 out of 23 pages.

This wall would allow a defence force with troops behind it, and some on top of it - If enemies wanted to get around the wall they would be funnelled - Secondly, they realized there was a hidden path around the pass to allow some Persian infantry - Not large enough to allow the entire troop to move that way - Only locals knew about it - Leonidas was fine about this - Leonidas stationed about 1000 phoecian troops to defend the path just in case Persians discover it - Thirdly, Spartans were well aware that Persians made use of siege engines - These were capable of dealing heavy damage not only to the wall but also to the troops
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- Leonidas had his troops dig out trenches and ditches along the pass between the west gate and middle gate, diverted the water from the hot springs (hot gates) to create a muddy mess so that Persian machines would not be able to move through - Strategy at Thermopylae was simple, hold the pass until the Persians exhaust their supplies and withdraw or something like a plague starts up in their camp - Spartan estimation was that this shouldn’t take more than a few weeks and they only last about one week - Athenian strategy, just in case if Thermopylae and Artemisia were to fall, Themistocles ordered the evacuation of Attica, he joins the navy and is one of the sub commanders at Artemisia - At the spring of 480, Xerxes set out of Sardis - He marched into northern Ionia and to bridges crossing into Thrace - When they got there, they found that a vicious storm destroyed the bridge going over the Hellespont - Xerxes flipped out (Herodotus, 7.35) - Xerxes ordered the creation of 2 new pontoon bridges made of 300 ships - Persians on they march through Thrace, and through Macedonia and on to Thessaly - Persian fleet was caught in a storm for three days, after storm stationed along the coast, then they realized there were ships Greek ships at Artemisia waiting for them to block them - A portion of the Persian flee to outflank Artemisia t was sent around Euboea but caught in a another storm and all were destroyed - Shortly after the first storm, Xerxes army arrived at Thermopylae but no action occurred for several days - Greeks strategy was purely defensive - Xerxes sent out scouts to determine Greek strength and their numbers - Information he got back was incomplete - Because if the narrow path gave the impression that there were not many Greeks - Secondly scouts saw a few hundred Spartans exercising in the nude or kicking back and combing their hair and grooming themselves
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- Scouts cant see all of the troops, all they see some Spartans - Xerxes finds this funny,, doesn’t realize that the combing of the hair is a Spartan pre battle ritual of being put together if they die - Xerxes sent a messenger demanding that the Greeks need to surrender their weapons - Spartan responded come and get them “Molon Labe” - Leonidas made it clear that the Greeks were there to fight and not submit - Xerxes waited another few days to see if Greeks were going to disperse - 5 th day of the stand off Xerxes gave order to attack - DAY 1 TERMOPYLAE -
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