They shape its meaning m midgley the myths we live by

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They shape its meaning." (M. Midgley, The Myths We Live By ) "A myth is a traditional sacred story of anonymous authorship & archetypal or universal significance… recounted in a certain community & often linked with ritual; it tells of the deeds of supernatural beings such as gods, demigods, heroes, spirited or ghosts; it is set outside historical time… or in the supernatural world. " (D. Cuppitt The World to Come )
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Types of Prose Narratives [W. Bascom (1912-1981)/D. Cupitt (1934-) Form Belief Time Place Attitude Main Characters Myth Fact Remote past Different world Sacred Nonhuman Legend Fact Recent Past World of Today Secular or sacred Human Folktal e Fictio n Any time Any place Secular Human or nonhuman W.Doty (1939-) on myth o Mythological corpus as network o Form : myths are verbal or visual stories rich in metaphors and symbols o Content: myths convey religious, political & cultural values hidden in their metaphors & symbols o Function: myths help people understand individual experiences and integrate them into a broader context; explains or makes endurable contradictions and differences Archaic Greece o Dates: 750-490 BCE o Sources: Homer's Iliad, Odyssey, Homeric Hymns; Hesiod's Theogony, Works & Days o Center: Olympia o Epic poetry, oral composition, meter (hexameter: "6 feet," every line has 6 stressed syllable), formulae o
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