Fungi eukaryotic organisms primarily affect skin or mucous membranes Protozoa

Fungi eukaryotic organisms primarily affect skin or

This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 40 pages.

Fungi: eukaryotic organisms, primarily affect skin or mucous membranes. Protozoa: eukaryotic organisms, usually parasites. Ie. Malaria, dysentary Prions: protein like agent that can change shape of proteins in host cell. Mad Cow. Modes of Transmission Direct Contact Indirect Contact Droplet 7/6/17, 5F04 PM Page 6 of 40
Image of page 6
Aerosol Vector Nosocomial Infections: infections that occur in healthcare setting. Development/Stages of Infection Incubation Period: time of organism entering body to appearance of clinical signs Prodromal Period: infection is developing, nonspecific symptoms. Acute Infection: fully developed infectious disease with peak clinical signs. Chronic Infection: microorganism continues to replicate in body, sx milder. Subclinical Infection: Microbe can reproduce in body but no signs present. Septicemia: bacteria reproducing & circulating in bloodstream. Complimentary Medicine Red Flags: refer to Dr. Chest pain/discomfort, unusual SOB w/ acute pain in chest, arm, throat or jaw, unexplained dizziness, persistent hoarseness or cough, difficulty swallowing, persistent abdominal pain/discomfort, coughing up blood, unexplained weight gain/loss, persistent unexplained fatigue, changes in a mole, change in bowel/bladder habits, blood in stool, unexplained vaginal bleeding, lump in breast or discharge or change in size or shape, changes in testicles, severe HA, blurred vision, sores that don’t heal, persistent unexplained lumps/swelling, persistent back pain even w/ rest, unexplained leg swelling/pain. Screening Lab Fingernails Absent Lunula: anemia, malnutrition. Pyramidal Luluna: trauma or excessive manicures. Red Luluna: cardiovascular disease, collagen disease of vessels, blood CA Mee’s Lines: metal toxicity, chemotherapy exposure. Longitudinal Lines: Addison’s disease, breast CA, melanoma, trauma. Splinter Hemorrhages bacterial endocarditis, lupus, renal failure, psoriasis Terry’s Nails:half& half appearance:edema & anemia »renal/liver disease. Cancerous Moles-asymmetry, border, color, diameter PATHO TEST 2 REVIEW General Cancer Info General Genetics Info Cancer rundown Bladder Cancer : -Early stages bleeding in urine but little no pain 7/6/17, 5F04 PM Page 7 of 40
Image of page 7
-Hematuria 1 st sign with changes in urination Breast Cancer: - New lump is most common symptom -Manual palpation better catch than mammogram Cervix cancer: -often asymptomatic -vaginal discharge, abnormal bleeding, pain during intercourse Colorectal cancer: - change in bowel habits most common -Diarrhea, constipation, more narrow stools, blood in stool -Bright blood-lower GI, Dark/black blood-Upper GI Lung cancer: -persistent cough with or w/o chest pain -Feeling of an infection that just won’t go away Prostate cancer: - weak interrupted urine flow , frequent urination esp. @ night Renal cancer: -low back pain, especially if pain not assoc. w/ injury Skin Cancer: -Any new growth on skin should be examined -Spot or bump that changes size,
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 40 pages?

  • Fall '17

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes