NE_2040_HIS_1810_The_Safavids

Most of the poems written when he was young but

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Most of the poems written when he was young. But numerous inscriptions throughout empire reiterate claims he had divine nature. ليعامسا هاش
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Shah Ismail Describes Himself to His Followers I am God’s eye (or God himself); come now, O blind man gone astray, to behold Truth (God). I am the Absolute Doer of whom they speak. Sun and Moon are in my power. My being is God’s House, know it for certain. Prostration before me is incumbent on thee, in the morn and even. Know for certain, that with the People of Recognition Heaven and Earth are all truth. Do not stray! The Garden of Sanctity has produced a fruit. How can it be plucked by a short-handed one? If you wish to join Truth to Truth, (here is) God who has reached the stage of Mim. The one of pure connections considers his own person. Suddenly Khata’i has come by a treasure.
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SHAH ISMAIL Was well-rounded prodigy/ wide skill set 1501- Proclaimed himself SHAH (Persian for ‘KING’). Instituted TWELVER SHI’A ISLAM as state religion Both major policy decisions
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TWELVER SHIA ISLAM IN IRAN Sources say Safavids pressured Iranians to profess Shia’ Islam Iranians were overwhelmingly Sunni Few Shi’a scholars in Iran at the time Many sources agree he used coercion Many Iranians resisted/created serious internal conflicts/violence Was politically motivated decision Details are contested today
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QIZILBASH AND THE ISMAIL Ismail’s claims (in his poetry) would have been unacceptable to 12’er Shi’ites Shah Ismail tried inspiring Qizilbash to believe he had superhuman qualities Claim would’ve been blasphemous to Twelvers unless he actually were HIDDEN IMAM.
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SHIA ISLAM IN SAFAVID IRAN Shah Ismail wanted to unite Iranians Believed allegiance to ALI as essential Ismail’s poetry was written in a particular Chaghatay Turkish dialect to motivate the Turkish- speaking Qizilbash.
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  • Fall '08
  • CHOONG-MINKANG
  • Microbiology, Safavid dynasty, Shah Ismail, HAIDAR KILLED/ Ismail

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