Socrates denies forms for things in group 4 but

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“Undignified” things: “hair, mud, dirt.” [Socrates denies Forms for things in group (4), but Parmenides says that when he gets older he’ll learn not to be so fastidious. This is clearly a point where there is a conflict between the role of Forms as (morally or aesthetically pleasing) paradigms and their role as universals .] B. The Nature of Participation 1. Part or Whole? (131a-c): The dilemma of participation : Is (a) the whole Form, or only (b) a part of it, in each participant? If (a), then each Form will be “separate from itself” if it is in many things. If (b), then the Form is divisible, and hence no longer a unity. [The conclusion of this dilemma seems to be that Forms will either be divisible or not shareable . But Forms have to be shareable, that is the whole point of having the theory. So the consequences of making Forms divisible is pursued.] 2. Puzzling consequences if Forms are divisible (131d-e): a. The parts of Largeness are small (with respect to Largeness) but still make the things they are in large . [Note: this conflicts with one of Plato’s requirements in the Phaedo : what makes something F must itself be F .] b. A part of Equality which is “less than Equality itself” nevertheless makes what it is in equal . c. The parts of Smallness are smaller than Smallness itself! And the addition of such a part to something makes that thing smaller than it was before the addition of that small part!
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C. The Third Man Argument (TMA) 1.
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