Kenya as they seek to address challenges and

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Kenya as they seek to address challenges and injustices they experience” 3 . Among its objectives, the project wanted: to provide the space for individuals and communities to share and speak out against injustice; to provide the space for healing for members of the community. The activities implemented by APT facilitators involved: 1. Dialogue forums – utilising different techniques from the “theatre of the oppressed” method. 2. Forum theatre clinics – to reach younger groups in schools. 3. Family visits – during these visits APT employed techniques of playback theatre, psychodrama and drama therapy within the household. The project targeted mostly youth groups, church leaders and local administrations, due to the key role that these actors play in the acquisition and dissemination of information in the wider community. 3 Final Report. Program title: Building Sustainable Structures for Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding amongst Communities in Kenya (2011) by Amani People’s Theatre (APT), Nairobi.
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41 Baú Participatory Communication, Theatre and Peace STUDY DESIGN AND FRAMEWORK OF ANALYSIS In order to identify the changes brought about by the project in relation to re-establishing peace between communities, interviews were conducted with 10 project participants from the area of Sotik/Borabu, who took part in the dialogue forum theatre. Interviewees were selected from among those who had taken part in the theatre performances by using a convenience sampling and included equal gender representation. The semi-structured discussions that addressed participants’ experience with the theatre activities, their impressions as actors, their feelings about the conflict and the rival tribe both before and after the performances. In particular, the questions were aimed at understanding how taking part in the play had contributed to transforming participants’ perception of the conflict and to generating engagement towards peace. Despite the limited number of interviews, the findings discussed provide strong insights into the perception of the theatre activities implemented in the post-conflict rural areas where the project took place and are useful in clarifying the knowledge and understanding developed by participants through the participatory process. The framework of analysis adopted in this study has been developed through an adaptation of the Theory of Change Model for Communication for Development in Peacebuilding built by Baú (2015, 813–814). This framework takes further the Theory of Change (ToC) for media interventions in conflict countries from Arsenault et al. (2011, cited in Baú 2015, 812) by reframing media as (two-way) communication channels rather than mere information tools. Through this lens, we are able to recognise the capacity of media platforms, particularly participatory ones, to initiate individual, relational and social change in the context of conflict. Tables 1, 2 and 3 show the different components of each ToC relevant to this context and clarify potential impact.
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