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*whatever seems to be unsettling or upending the world, we have a convenient scapegoat- jews being an evil race and genetically dangerous*3 general questions•Victimizers/ perpetrators of the crime- Nazis- who is responsible? What motivated them? Why would they go through all the effort?oHitler?←2 areas of study:←1) Nazism- victimizers←*scary thing about Nazis is that they were human- given the right circumstances, we could be Nazis←*hitlers willing executioners- majority of ordinary germans who were willing to go along←2) victims- ←*jews in resosponse to murderous campaign was relatively nothing in their own defense- jews went like sheep to the slaughter- •comparing jews to sheep is saying jews are subhuman- less than animals as vermon and bugs to be squashed- extermination- jews are lice, insects, •blaming the victim – their fault*a lot of resistance- many kept their humanity with little acts of courage and resistance- many recorded documents- motto of Warsaw ghetto- “never to forget” oneg Shabbat project was a secret project in Warsaw ghetto to collect data and take photographs and remember and document as much as possible when it looked like deporations coming close and buried memories in milk cans- a lot of human interactions and daily life recorded3) question of the bystanders- studying ourselves, genocides and terrible cases of human injustice in our world- we all stand by and watch- what could they have done, what should they have done*Righteous gentiles- risk lives to save jews- oskar schindler•south of france, French farmers sheltered jews and took them in, no organization , spontaneously took them in and hid them in their barns and attics
•about 1 percent of population←could it happen again?←Would it be jews or someone else?←←Dec 9th- exam review←←modern anti-Semitism is one of the major causts of the holocaust←←legitimacy of state of Israel←destruction followed by salvation←modern anti-Semitism led to Zionism to the founding of Israel 1948←*many jews see the holocaust as central to how they are as Jews←*majority of jews who still consider themselves jewish←←*white paper- limitied migration ←←yishuv-Hebrew for the Jewish comminuty in Pre WW II Palestine←←ISreal- diversity of opinion←←born in Budapest in 1960←bildung- blamed Christian society for ghetto mentality of the jews- ←Thought jews should be more educated and cultured and assimilated←Wrote the jewish state←tearing apart of identity- political, religious culture