The most damaging misconception that had accompanied

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The most damaging misconception that had accompanied racial views is that races differ in  cognitive abilities. As for example in the 1994 book, The Bell Curve, claim that there is a strong  correlation between IQ scores and socioeconomic level and race. Conclusion was Asian ancestry  had highest, Caucasian next down and African did poorest. In reality, people who grew up in  poor areas didn’t have access to education, so there would be a lower IQ level, did not have  anything with actual race. There is no evidence that intelligence varies with skin color or  geographic origin (race) at all
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The Concept of Race Today Some refer to race as European race = geographic region. Irish race = culture or nationality.  Jewish race = ethinic or religious affiliation, culture or nationality  The most common and prevalent use is in the biological sense, race = visible physical  distinctions associated with broad geographic regions Problem with the Normative View People were classifying race with a normative view: members of different groups are  characterized by discrete traits and can easily be divided into discrete categories. Using  stereotypes, but you cannot draw boundaries to make categories. There is variability in all races  Anthropologists were seeing continuous (not discrete) distributions of traits across racial  boundaries and geographic regions. All the traits we can (as well as genetic traits that are not  visible) which have been used to differentiate races have a clinal distribution, they vary across  space in either form or frequency (i.e. skin color, not dark or light, it varies and has gradation) Most traits are polygenic: they are controlled by multiple genes. Most traits are also  polymorphic: there are more than two different genotypes (more than just 2 alleles for a trait).  Thus most traits have multiple phenotype expressions: Polymorphic and polygenic: eye color (brown, blue, green, hazel), skin color Polymorphic but monogenic: hair type (round, flat, straight, curly), blood type (A, B, AB, O) DNA and Race
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  • Spring '12
  • Sandgathe
  • Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, Anders Retzius,  C. Linnaeus

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