Course Hero Logo

A college student has been called into the student

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 27 - 29 out of 49 pages.

23.A college student has been called into the student health office because she testedpositive for HIV on the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The studentasks, “What is this Western blot assay going to tell you?” The best response by thehealth care provider is:A)“We always want two positive test results before we give you medicine.”B)“The Western blot is a more sensitive assay that looks for the presence ofantibodies to specific viral antigens.”C)“This assay will actually look at all the individual cells in your blood and count
how many HIV cells you have, so we can treat you with the proper medication.”D)“If you are afraid of another blood test, we can do a rapid oral test to see if we getthe same results.”Ans: BFeedback:The Western blot is a more sensitive assay than the EIA that looks for the presence ofantibodies to specific viral antigens. In the case of a false-positive EIA result, theWestern blot test can identify the person as uninfected. Technologic advances have ledto new forms of testing, such as the oral test, home testing kits, and the new rapid bloodtest. Oral fluids contain antibodies to HIV. In the late 1990s, the FDA approved theOraSure test. The OraSure uses a cotton swab, which is inserted into the mouth for 2minutes, placed in a transport container with preservative, and then sent to a laboratoryfor EIA and Western blot testing.24.Shortly after being diagnosed with HIV, a client has begun highly active antiretroviraltherapy (HAART). The client asks, “My doctor tells me that my viral load is goingdown. What does that mean?” The nurse's best response is:

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 49 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Richards
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture