At every successive phase Antonelli stretch the design process defied

At every successive phase antonelli stretch the

This preview shows page 163 - 165 out of 280 pages.

architect’s intuition.At every successive phase Antonelli stretched the design process, defied convention, and dismantled the old- fashioned idea of stylistic coherence. Antonelli’s career was characterized by continual exploration in projects that evolved slowly over decades, often pushing the mundane to monumental heights. In 1862, he received the commission for a synagogue in Turin whose program called for classrooms, offices, and apartments in addition to the large meeting hall, all on a small lot on a side street behind Piazza Vittorio Emanuele I.The Jewish community in Turin, five thousand strong, expressed the desire that their first temple might also be their “perennial and eternal reminder of gratitude” to the liberal society that had emancipated them.The architectural expression of synagogues had up to that time in Italy remained indeterminate, taking form in a passive manner through pressures of dominant tastes, economic constraints, and the realities of the religious politics of Catholic states. Now open to exploration, Antonelli excluded the option of an exotic style with a bogus iconography.To signify this religious institution’s difference, he started with the functional disposition of the required spaces and structures to house them. His first project piled a few uniform levels and flexible modular floor areas on the lot with the meeting hall, as was the rule, on the top. In order that the hall might remain unencumbered, Antonelli envisioned a dome to cover the hall rising from the square plan in four curved planes. His square dome would have risen decorously into the skyline alongside other unusual domes in Turin, like Guarini’s over the Chapel of the Holy Shroud six blocks away. Contemporaneous with the exploratory extensions of the San Gaudenzio project,Antonelli began at the synagogue to follow his intuition, remaining always one step ahead of his masons. He elaborated upon the tubular concept here in a wall system that resembles a mesh of cell membranes.The structural elements are trimmed to their barest essentials. He evolved a vault technology toward zero internal resistance, and this dome encloses a maximum amount of space with a minimum of material, surpassing 163 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
Image of page 163
164 the architecture of modern italy Michelangelo’s Vatican dome eight times on a solid-to-void ratio. Traditional materials are used in the precise and frank construction of the lower floors. Iron is also used as at San Gaudenzio but it does not appear as an autonomous structural element.Antonelli was aware of the advances in iron technology; but he wanted to explore the potentials of traditional masonry, preferring it over rusting metal and rotting wood for reasons of durability that would pay back its higher costs, he said, in the long run.
Image of page 164
Image of page 165

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors