Then it becomes a story because theres causality A story has to have a theme

Then it becomes a story because theres causality a

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But if you add in: The king died, and the queen died because of grief. Then it becomes a story because there’s causality - A story has to have a theme, and plot - theme: the lesson, moral, central or dominating idea - Thematic criticism depends on interpretation - What one finds in another work, another will not. That is why there are competing/conflicting themes in stories, because people interpret things differently PLOT: - is a pattern of events (events is the interplay of conflicting forces) - Conflicting forces are very often characters that are in opposition, of conflicting sides of a character. It can also be a physical forces such an earthquake or fire. - Plot must have conflict - Resolution is not the same as an End - Resolution - End: comes from Aristotle, he says that every narrative needs a beginning, middle, and end. - Elements introduced in the beginning, and resolution is the tying up the details and questions. - Do not expect all questions to be answered in the end, but a narrative must have some type of resolution, a closure. MOOD: 1) setting: o time and place o the narrator tells us o allusion o defining of character 2) TONE: o author’s attitude o consider diction, syntax o determine if its humorous, tragic, romantic 3) CHARACTER: o forces
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4) STYLE: o poetic elements o diction o syntax 5) LITERARY DEVICES: symbol: concrete object standing for an abstract idea simile: comparison using like or as personification: giving inanimate objects using human qualities metaphor: comparison without like or as - “Sally is blue” = Sally is sad - Consider than every culture has core metaphorical systems and one of the most important systems that we have is emotions is colorful - Emotion is temperature: people have warm smiles, people have cold eyes - “A relationship is a journey": relationship going off the rails, or relationships burning - Is a statement of identity. EX: “Sally is a pig” - Metaphors tend to be stronger than simile, because it doesn’t use “like or as” it states facts IRONY: - 3 types - Verbal irony - Dramatic irony - the audience know more than the characters do - Situational irony - NARRATOR: - Narrative voice: tells story DRAMATIZE: - Character in the story - 1 st person pronouns (I, we, me, my, our) - As readers we see what the characters do or say but it is all up to the narrator - Everything we see, hear or do is through the narrator - We only knows what the narrator thinks, we see what others do and says through the narrator - We have to consider reliability: it could be unreliable UNDRAMATIZED - NOT RESTRICTED: Not a character 3 rd pronouns (he, she, it, they, there, his, her) Privilege, omniscient narrator We know what everyone says, does or thinks - RESTRICTED: We know what people do and say but we only know 1 character Looking over the shoulder of the main character This type is as reliable as the character thinks We have an issue of reliability bc we cannot always trust the character - EFFACED: We know what all the characters do and say But we don’t know what any of the characters think It’s a sense of eavesdropping in a situation
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  • Spring '16
  • Van Styvendale
  • Alice in Wonderland, Alice, Fairy tale, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Sir John, Little Red Riding Hood

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