24.neurotransmitters chemical messengers between neurons 25. The branch of psychology that involves the study of development over the lifespan is developmental psychology. Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the human life span. 26.EEG is an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the surface of the brain 27. The activation of light-sensitive proteins in our eyes signals our brains to decrease production of melatonin 28. The thalamus is the brain structure that receives information from all the senses except smell -relay station to cerebral cortex and sensory information The thalamus is the gateway from the sensory systems to the brain.
29. The occipital lobes are the cortical lobes at the back of the brain -visual cortex 30. double blind study is when both the researcher and the participant are unaware (blind) od who is in the experimental or control group single blind study is when only the researcher (not the participants) knows who is either the experimental or control group 31. rapid eye movement sleep is called REM sleep. 32. The amygdala is the part of the brain that is important for emotions -emotion response to unpleasant of punishing stimuli -important for emotional memories -emotional processing center of the brain 33.learning is the branch of psychology that studies how consequences (rewards and punishments) change behavior. Conditioning is a word psychologists use to mean learning learning is the Acquiring, through experience, new and relatively enduring information or behaviors 34. The fatty tissue layer encasing the axon of a nerve cell is called the myelin sheath It speeds up transmission of neural impulses 35. The cells that support neural function are called glia cells -specialized cells in the brain and spinal cord that hold the neurons together and remove waste products such as dead neurons 36. Focusing conscious awareness on a particular stimulus is called selective attention. 37. neuroscience is the study of the brain and behavior (AKA Biological Psychology) 38. The cortical lobes closest to the ears are the temporal lobes. -auditory cortex (hearing) and Wernicke’s area 39.naturalistic observation: A descriptive technique of monitoring and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to change or control the situation 40. insomnia _is a recurring difficulty in falling or staying asleep
41.A survey is a descriptive technique for obtaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a representative sample of a population 42. In an experiment, the control group is used as a comparison 43. A scatterplot is a graphed cluster of dots, each of which represents the values of two factors 44. If you assess whether conclusions are based on the existing evidence, you are using critical thinking.
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