In 18936 bill phillips a jew owned a company and

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In 18936 Bill Phillips, a jew, owned a company and store in LA for more than 50 years. Heallowed people to listen to music and play with instruments for free. These actions pursuedmulticulturalism. He gave his store to a Japanese American who had just gotten out ofconcentration camp after WW2. He turned the store into one of the biggest sports store in eastLA.Border Industrialization Program –Another version of Bracero program only this was created by the Mexican government to easethe unemployment in the northern border cities. This created easy access to cheap labor and USindustries. The US created factories like the “maquilladoras” in the southern border for theMexican cheap labor.ANMA –Bracero Program –From 1942- 1964 Mexicans were allowed to enter the US to work but only temporarily. But theycame to work as braceros even after the program had ended. The agreement with US and Mexico
was to provide Paid for transportation, food and return with decent living conditions. Theeugenics belief brought 200k braceros per year.NAWU 1940’s–National Agricultural Workers UnionErnesto Galarza led this group against the agricultural businesses that were taking away theMexican labor market. Against the bracero program because it believed that the local workerswere making the agricultural wages go down.Maquilladoras –Young women workers were getting paid below the minimum wage and they were not givenmigrant labor. In Tijuana the was about 800 maquilladoras This cause an economic change andan economic growth. The pacific rim was along the border and it did not allow plow. Themaquilladoras did not only exploit cheap labor weren’t addressing Mexico but instead foreigninvestors that did not care about the Mexican economySalt of the Earth-IRCA 1986–This was an immigration reform act brought to light by Donald Raegan like the one in 1920. Thismeant that it would be illegal to hire/recruit immigrant workers because of employer sanctions.There was a 50% increase in border staff for the security of the border. There were 2 groups oflegalization. If you had 4-5 years in the US with no record and knowledge of American history,government, language, and if they paid money to get it. The others who were legalized werethose who were agricultural workers from 1985-1986.First Annual Chicano Youth Conference –NAFTA – 1994This agreement was between Canada, US and Mexico to eliminate barriers and facilitate trade.Effective procedures enforced privately. The wages went down; even in Mexico. The problemwas that they were making $1-2 per hour. The environmental impact caused massive destructionwithout enough enforcement or protection for the environment. This also meant that farmers,ranchers and small business owners had competition. On the other had it increased trade andeconomic growth.United Farm Workers- 1962organization led by Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta helping to improve working conditions(Grape Strike). It was organized to help mainly the Chicano population.Cesar Chavez: most iconic activist of the Chicano movement era, never fully embraced the

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gutiérrez
Tags
Civil Rights, Mexican American, Mexican American Family

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