In other countries regions have names such as canton province prefecture land

In other countries regions have names such as canton

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_ In other countries, regions have names such as canton, province, prefecture, land, and département . Unitary Systems Centralizes Power _In a unitary system of government , the constitution concentrates power in the national, or central, government. _The national government may choose to create regional governments to carry out its policies.
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Advantage _ it promotes national unity by having all parts of a country follow the same laws and policies _t he national government may also appoint the officials who run the regional governments. _ provides funds without which the prefectures could not operate Disadvantage _ regional governments exercise only those powers given to them by the national government _ most unitary nations have discovered that too much centralization is not good in practice _ officials working at the national level cannot know the needs of every town and village. _ most unitary states have decentralized to a certain degree, allowing regions some powers of their own. Federal System Dividing Power _ In a federal system of government , the constitution divides power between the national government and the regional governments. *_ large country with and highly populated place will be more likely to adopt a federal system. _n ational government has some fixed responsibilities, such as protecting the nation _ has other responsibilities, such as setting up schools. _ most likely to be adopted in large countries with diverse population Advantage _ the flexibility it gives regional governments in meeting the needs of different language and ethnic groups Disadvantage _ downside of this flexibility can be a patchwork of competing laws from region to region _ conflicts may arise between the central government and regional governments. Confederal system Decentralizing power _ The United States was the first modern country to adopt a federal system of government
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_ The first American constitution, the Articles of Confederation, created a confederal system of government _ power resides in the regions, which are independent states Advantage _ allowed the states to unite for some purposes without giving up the power to run their own affairs _ allowed for greater flexibility in meeting local needs _ by limiting the powers of the central government, a confederal system reduced the likelihood that it would become an authoritarian regime. Disadvantages _ was too weak to meet the needs of the nation as a whole _ lacked the power to end quarreling among the states _ result was an unworkable system that threatened the very survival of the nation. _ 2.5 Economic System around the World _ An economic system is a way of organizing the production and consumption of goods and services. _ Economic systems exist because people must meet certain needs to survive.
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