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MODOL 1 OTWARTE NEUROLOGIA (2).docx

Trigeminal neuralgia is a nerve disorder that causes

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Trigeminal neuralgia is a nerve disorder that causes a stabbing or electric-shock-like pain in parts of the face. Causes, incidence, and risk factors;The pain of trigeminal neuralgia comes from the trigeminal nerve. This nerve carries the feelings of touch and pain from the face, eyes, sinuses, and mouth to the brain.Trigeminal neuralgia may be caused by: Multiple sclerosis ;Pressure on the trigeminal nerve from a swollen blood vessel or tumor; Very painful, sharp electric-like spasms that usually last a few seconds or minutes, but can become constant;Pain is usually only on one side of the face, often around the eye, cheek, and lower part of the face;Pain may be triggered by touch or sounds Painful attacks of trigeminal neuralgia can be triggered by common, everyday activities, such as: Brushing teeth;Chewing; Drinking; EatingTests that are done to look for the cause of the problem include:Blood tests; MRI of the head ;Trigeminal reflex testing; Certain medicines sometimes help reduce pain and the rate of attacks. These medicines include:Anti-seizure drugs ( carbamazepine , gabapentin , lamotrigine , phenytoin , valproate, and pregabalin ); Muscle relaxants (baclofen, clonazepam ); Tricyclic antidepressants ( amitriptyline , nortriptyline , or carbamazepine ) 9
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Cranial neuropathy affects the 12 pairs of nerves that are connected with the brain and control sight, eye movement, hearing, and taste, facial movement and the actions of some of the organs in the head, chest, and abdomen. Damage to these nerves can occur from many causes, with a common one being diabetes. In many cases, cranial neuropathy symptoms clear up within a few months. There are 12 pairs of nerves located in the cranium; cranial neuropathy is when one or more of these pairs becomes injured. Damage to a single nerve is sometimes called cranial mononeuropathy. Damage to these nerves can cause abnormal functioning of one of the many diverse areas that they govern. Most often, cranial neuropathy affects the nerves that control the eye muscles. The neuropathy begins with pain on one side of the face near the affected eye. Later, the eye muscle becomes paralyzed. Double vision results. Symptoms of this type of neuropathy usually get better or go away within 2 or 3 months. Damage to the vagus or tenth nerve can cause difficulty swallowing, speech impairments, and altered organ functioning. This can result in symptoms including a reduced heart rate, low blood pressure, and stomach difficulties. Cranial neuropathy involving the hypoglossal or twelfth nerve can include symptoms such as weakness of the tongue causing difficulty eating or speaking. 10
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  • Winter '18
  • Jane doe
  • Facial nerve

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