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Pender’s healthcare model indicated the relationship between each concept and sub-concepts are reciprocal. Relationships between the Health Promotion Theory’s concepts are interrelated and well-defined (Butts & Rich, 2011, p. 409). It is important to include each concept of the theory toassess and enhance the health-promoting behaviors for change. For the structure of the model, three major concepts are linked together to improve individuals’ health and wellbeing. The diagram also showed how three major concepts are associated to improve the outcomes. There are four assumptions based on nursing and behavioral perspectives. These assumptions indicated that self-efficacy is imperative for changing healthy lifestyles, and healthcare providers also havecrucial parts to influence or support the individuals for change (Pender, 1996). Critical ReflectionHealth Promotion model can be clearly comprehended since it is composed with uncomplicated vocabulary. There are three major concepts and eleven sub-concepts in this healthpromotion theory. The sub-concepts are related to the major concepts and they are well-defined. 4
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL CRITIQUEThe contents are simple to understand and easy to apply in different settings for diverse populations. The contents in the theory are clear, diagrams are also self- explanatory and can easily identify relationships with the theory’s components. For Generalizability, the theory can apply to different populations in the healthcare system. For accessibility, healthcare providers can easily access this particular theory using online researches and Nola Pender’s own publication book. This particular theory is important since it encourages healthcare professions toengage with the patients to perform pertinent clinical assessments such as physical, emotional, cultural, spiritual, environmental, social needs, cognitive, and developmental prior performing interventions. In addition, the theory educated nurses to include the self-concept and self-care forhealth promotion and to adopt healthy lifestyles (Wu, Pender, 2005). The theory also inspires