Organizing Introductions ,Conclusions ,Transitions and Outline.ppt

Using handouts plan ahead when you will distribute

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Using Handouts Plan ahead when you will distribute your handouts in your speech. Don’t talk about your handouts when copies are circulating.
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Orient the Audience Establish your credibility Communicate your interest in the topic Talk about your research Connect to yourself to other credible sources Mention other relevant personal information
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Introductions: Guidelines 1. Don’t prepare the introduction first 2. Don’t be too brief 3. Have an obvious tie-in 4. 10 to 15% of your total speaking time
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Conclusions Signal the end Summarize main ideas Reinforce the central idea
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Conclusions: Reinforce the Central Idea with a Clincher
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Clinchers Cite a quotation Issue an appeal or challenge
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Clinchers Refer to the introduction Introduction Conclusion
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Clinchers Visualize the future In persuasive speech, you need to visualize the future for your audience ─ the future with or without your proposal.
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Conclusions: Guidelines 1. Don’t drag out the ending 2. Don’t end weakly 3. Don’t end apologetically 4. Never bring in new main points
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Supplying Transitions
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Supplying Transitions Bridges (linking transition) “Now that we have examined the problem, let’s turn our attention to the solution.”
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Supplying Transitions Internal summaries Brief review of material covered in part of a speech “Before I move on, let’s briefly review the…”
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