He went to spain last year bob bought a new bicyle

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He went to Spain last year . Bob bought a new bicyle yesterday . Maria did her homework last night . Mark washed the dishes after dinner . We drove to the grocery store this afternoon . George cooked dinner for his family Saturday night . 3.2.2 Past Progresseive (th i quá kh ti ế p di n): Th i quá kh ti ế p di n dùng ñể di n ñạ t: (1) m t hành ñộ ng ñ ang x y ra trong quá kh thì b m t hành ñộ ng khác “chen ngang” (khi ñ ang... thì b ng...). Trong tr ườ ng h p này, m u câu chung là:
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 15 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng I was watching TV when she came home. ho c When she came home, I was watching television. (2) Hai hành ñộ ng cùng ñồ ng th i x y ra trong quá kh . Trong tr ườ ng h p này, m u câu sau ñượ c áp d ng: Martha was watching television while John was reading a book. ho c While John was reading a book, Martha was watching television. C u trúc sau ñ ây c ũ ng ñ ôi khi ñượ c dùng nh ư ng không thông d ng b ng hai m u trên: While John was reading a book, Martha watched television. (3) M t hành ñộ ng ñ ang x y ra t i m t th i ñ i m xác ñị nh trong quá kh : Martha was watching TV at seven o’clock last night. What were you doing at one o’clock this afternoon? Henry was eating a snack at midnight last night. 3.2.3 Past Perfect (th i quá kh hoàn thành):
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 16 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Th i quá kh hoàn thành ñượ c dùng ñể di n ñạ t: (1) m t hành ñộ ng x y ra tr ướ c m t hành ñộ ng khác trong quá kh , trong câu th ườ ng có có 2 hành ñộ ng: Th i quá kh hoàn thành th ườ ng ñượ c dùng v i 3 phó t ch th i gian là: after, before và when. Phó t when có th ñượ c dùng thay cho after và before trong c 4 m u trên mà không làm thay ñổ i ý ngh ĩ a c a câu. Chúng ta v n bi ế t hành ñộ ng nào x y ra tr ướ c do có s d ng quá kh hoàn thành. The police came when the robber had gone away.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 17 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng (2) M t tr ng thái ñ ã t n t i m t th i gian trong quá kh nh ư ng ñ ã ch m d t tr ướ c hi n t i. Tr ườ ng h p này t ươ ng t tr ườ ng h p (3) ñố i v i hi n t i hoàn thành nh ư ng trong tr ườ ng h p này không có liên h gì v i hi n t i.
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