PSYC 168 Final Exam Study Guide.pdf

However they can also produce disorientation slurred

Info icon This preview shows pages 10–13. Sign up to view the full content.

anxiety reduction, and passivity,. However, they can also produce disorientation , slurred speech, slow reaction time, poor judgment and death Opioids : include natural opioids (morphine) semi synthetic (heroin) and synthetic drugs that act like these substances (codeine, oxycodone, fentanyl) . Synthetic opioids are often prescribed for pain reduction . Besides alleviating pain, they may produce euphoria, reduce anxiety or cause disorientation. Tolerance can develop quickly. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe and include dysphoria , nausea and vomiting, insomnia, muscle aches, and fever Sedative, hypnotics and anxiety : medications used to treat anxiety and insomnia (benzodiazepines, barbiturates). They tend to augment GABA, the brain's primary inhibitory neurotransmitter. Their immediate effect is drowsiness and anxiety reduction. Tolerance can develop quickly . Withdrawal symptoms include autonomic hyperarousal ( sweating, rapid pulse), hand tremors , insomnia, agitation and anxiety
Image of page 10

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Stimulants : include medication and drugs that typically enhanced dopaminergic activity in the central nervous system . they include medications used to treat ADHD . such as amphetamine , and methylphenidate, as well as illegal drugs such as cocaine. Stimulants have immediate effects on the central nervous system , producing extreme euphoria, energy an sociability . However, they can also produce anxiety, agitation, and anger ; racing hearts ; shallow breathing and cognitive problems. Tobacco : contains the chemical nicotine, which has both stimulating and anxiety-reducing effects. Short-term use can result in pleasure , enhance concentration,reduced tension and anxiety and decrease restlessness and agitation . prolonged use is associated with health problems and dependence. Adolescents are more likely to show tolerance, to spend large amounts of time obtaining substances, and to use substances in hazardous situations Adolescents are more likely than adults to use substances episodically, and to use multiple substances simultaneously The CRAFT and ASSIST are useful to screen adolescents for substance use problems ADHD and substance use problems show more severe symptoms of both disorders and greater impairment in overall functioning , have a common genetic or biological cause Behavioral features of Angelman Syndrome Behavioral: Fascination with water, Hyperactivity, desire for personal attention, Happy disposition. Cognitive: Attention difficulties, Expressive difficulties (with language)
Image of page 11
Parenting styles Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive, Uninvolved High control Low control High acceptance Authoritative - Set and enforce standards; encourage independence, considerate of child’s needs Indulgent/permissive - Few demands; allows children to act out0 - “Drug? It is ok!!!!” Low acceptance Authoritarian - Strictly set rules and cannot be challenged; severe punishment - “Do this because i said so!” Neglectful - Uninvolved and gives little time and attention Attachment styles - Secure : freely explores when mom is present, becomes upset when mom is gone; happy
Image of page 12

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern