Asymmetric carbon Chapter 5 Macromolecules Carbohydrates lipids proteins

Asymmetric carbon chapter 5 macromolecules

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Asymmetric carbon Chapter 5: Macromolecules Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids – structures, functions, energy Mono-, di, poly-saccharides alpha, beta linkages Simple sugars (CH 2 O), aldose, ketose complex sugars Glucose, fructose, galactose sucrose, maltose, lactose Glycosidic linkage cellulose, glycogen, chitin, starch Saturated, unsaturatedfatty acids mono-, di-, tri-glycerides Phospholipids ester linkage Hydrolysis rx condensation/dehydration rx Sterols, waxes lipoprotein Amino acid structure peptide bond 1 o ,2 o ,3 o ,& 4 o protein structure Denature, renature disulfide bridge
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Nucleotide, polynucleotide nitrogenous bases Ribose deoxyribose Purine, pyrimidine (G, U, A, T, C) 5’ end, 3’ end Chapter 6: Cells Microscopy types cell fractionation (reductionism) Surface area/volume limitation Cell organelles – eukaryotes cell structures – prokaryotes Cytoskeleton fibers (3) Cell junctions (3, animal) Chapter 7.1: Membrane structure Fluid mosaic model Transmembrane protein membrane fluidity Phospholipid bilayer glycoprotein, glycolipid ECM peripheral/integral protein Chapter 25.1, .3: Early Earth Abiotic synthesis stages Endosymbiotic theory
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