Functionalism social events can best be explained in

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Functionalism: “social events can best be explained in terms of the functions they  perform” How do parts contribute to the working of the whole? Manifest functions: functions that are visible and “meant for” participants Latent functions: functions hidden from and/or not intended by participants Dysfunctions Marxism/Conflict Theory Conflict(class and otherwise) drives history Power: “the ability of individuals or members of a group to achieve their aims” despite  resistance Ideology: “shared beliefs that serve to justify the interests of dominant groups” Ideology legitimizes power Rational Choice Theory: “an individual’s behavior is purposive” (is based on a  cost/benefit analysis) Self-interest is key Instrumental rationality Value rationality Post modernism There is no shape to history Robert K. Merton: forget grand theory, develop more modest theories Such theories guide most sociology Example: broken windows theory
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  • Fall '08
  • Sociology
  • Sociology, Cost/Benefit Analysis, sociologist Weber, rationality value rationality, process Sociological research, plausible answers Theory

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