Town renamed in honor of the pope Pienza First built renaissance urban vision

Town renamed in honor of the pope pienza first built

This preview shows page 36 - 39 out of 117 pages.

Town = renamed in honor of the pope Pienza First built renaissance urban vision Renaissance Rome 1400 Rome’s population reduced to only 13,000 mostly empty inside walls: buried, ruined monuments Still symbolically powerful: seat of the Papacy Conflict over city control: church vs. the locals Renaissance urbanism: used by popes to control the city Straight streets in Rome Pope’s tried to give Rome a facelift Papacy: needed to conduct religious processions, parades Borgo Nouvo: first straight street in modern Rome cut a straight path from the Vatican to the river Via Giulia upscale residential neighborhood Goal: control the city visually, militarily and symbolically Gave the impression of order Rome in 1580s revived as a vibrant city but still a mess and hard to navigate Sixtus V’s Rome Religious pilgrims made Rome a tourist city for centuries Sixtus V (1585-90) take Rome’s organizational chaos by linking the major tourist sites by a network of streets Key “nodes” marked with tall obelisks, columns Souvenir city St. Peter’s square: architecturally unified, framed the piazza Souvenir prints: Rome as the standard for urban grandeur Birth of the Ghetto 16 th century rationalized urbanism includes social and ethnic control Renaissance Venice = the first ghetto o Neighborhood where outsiders (Jews) were forced to live outside of the city
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Jews invited to Venice for trade, taxes and business: but no social interaction 1516: Jews moved to industrial an industrial island o ghetto comes from the word for Iron foundry Ethnicity and control The ghetto was far from work and confinement with legal restrictions on people’s lives Ghettos: legally, physically restricted residential areas Limited rights of movement More ghettos created in Rome (1555) and Florence (1571) Strictly boundary, growing populations created crowded conditions Paris Paris: prehistoric settlement by the Parisi and the Romans Castrum city destroyed: medieval city in same location Defensive walls: dense, organic development inside A Parisian piazza First open, regular space in Paris Palace Royale Site = medieval, royal palace, demolished by Queen Catherine De Medici from Florence: taste for Piazzas Perfect square with coordinated aristocratic houses o Cutoff from cars protected urban garden for pedestrian life o To make Paris a more comfortable place for the rich to live London London: dense medieval fabric inside ancient walls Commercial development towards the east of the city Aristocratic estates: palaces on the west end Growing problems with traffic: crowding, disease The fire of 1666 1665: 100,000 Londoners died in outbreak of plague
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1666: fire destroyed 83% of the city Autumn fire= homeless had to make due until sprig The new London?
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