Determine how advanced the disease is Check if treatment works The bone marrow

Determine how advanced the disease is check if

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Determine how advanced the disease is Check if treatment works The bone marrow is located in the middle part of the bone and is responsible for formation of white cells and red cells in the blood. The doctor may want to find out whether the cancer is showing up there. Some diseases show up in the bone marrow before they do in the blood. The doctor please a sample of the bone marrow from the hip. First, the doctor numbs the area. Then
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they perform a bone marrow aspiration which uses a needle to extract fluid from the bone marrow or a bone marrow biopsy which uses a larger needle to extract solid particles from the marrow. The process normally takes thirty minutes. The extracted sample then goes to the lab where lab technicians try to figure out if the bone marrow has healthy and normal blood cells. The result can help the doctor rule out or confirm the disease, identity how advance the disease is and check if treatment works. Lymph Node Biopsy (Cancer Diagnosis) Used to diagnose lymphoma The doctor looks for: Cancer tumors Infections Masses that are not cancerous The lymphatic system extends throughout the body. It includes the spleen, tonsils and the lymph nodes. This system has white blood cells which fights illnesses and infections. The medical team takes out part of a node or sometimes all of it to check for cancer. This is called a lymph node biopsy. The patient is normally taken into the operating room. He or she is then numbed around where the doctor will take out the part of the node. The patient does not have to be sedated when the procedure is taking place. When the doctors take out the node, he or she looks for cancer tumors, infections or masses that are not cancerous. Imaging Tests (Cancer Diagnosis) Computed Tomography scan (CT scan) Chest X-rays Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan (MRI) Positron Emission Tomography Scan (PET) A CT scan uses an equipment that takes X-rays from many angles and puts them together to form a full picture. It shows organ abnormalities and the size of the lymph nodes, and helps the doctor check for cancer. During a CT scan a patient normally lies on an examination table, while the scanners rotates around him or her. The test takes around ten to thirty minutes. Chest X-rays helps doctors spot tumors, infections or abnormal lymph nodes. An MRI uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make pictures of the blood vessels, organs or bones. It helps the doctor spot tumor or changes in the bones that may signal myeloma. The patient lies on a table that slides into the machine that looks like a tunnel. Patients are normally given medication to relax before taking an MRI test. The PET uses radioactive sugar to show how the metabolism is working. It tells the doctor if the patient has lymphoma and other cancers.
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  • Winter '16
  • Elaine Philips

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