Every six (6) months thereafter, the USTR shall assess if China is in full compliance with its workers’ rights obligations, and adjust remedies accordingly.
(c) Corporate Disclosure of Working Conditions. The President should implement rules that require U.S. corporations to disclose , hours, and working conditions of their affiliates and contractors in China. These disclosure rules are necessary to verify that the Chinese government and corporations are actually complying with workers’ rights.__ “Clearly China has much more to do in the area of labor rights, and we will keep up the pressure on China to do so, using the most effective mechanisms available. A Section 301 investigation will neither shed more light on this problem nor lead to a more effective approach for addressing Chinese workers’ rights and labor conditions,” Spicer added. The United States Government has addressed, and will continue to address, labor issues with China in various fora and will continue to utilize leverage to secure improvements in China’s labor regime. While there remains much room for improvement, there is evidence of real progress. For example, wage rates in China are rising, and China has enhanced labor inspections as a result of U.S. engagement. “The U.S. Government has been addressing China labor issues directly through the efforts of several agencies. We will continue to engage China and provide technical cooperation to further advance labor laws and workplace protections,” Spicer stated. __to note that Unctad and other economic agencies of the UN have now acknowledged that linking trade with non-trade issues serves no useful purpose either for the developed or the developing countries. Unemployment in the developed countries is not due to workers in developing countries working hard to compensate for their lack of other competitive advantage, but rather to the profligate ways of the developed nations with their high wages and unemployment benefits. Why it is assumed that workers in developed countries would work when they are to be paid for not working is a mystery at par with the idea that people would be happy and productive if the diligent are paid as much as the indolent. . . . Regrettably, powerful trading nations threaten through unilateral actions to undermine the carefully negotiated agreements. The deliberate creation of regional trading blocs, the introduction of managed trade, the attempts to link human rights, environmental considerations, and labour codes to trade, are major threats, which if implemented, would dim the hope of a free environment for trade. We reject such attempts. The new protectionism will return the world to a bygone era when trade wars led to military confrontations.
Ch. 7In all existing labor-trade agreements, each party enforces the commitment to protect the agreed-upon labor rights in its own territory in the first instance. None of the agreements referenced in this essay creates a right of enforcement by one country within another country's territory. However many of the existing labor-trade linkages do create some
- Summer '07
- Government, Trade union, labor rights