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3.In what ways are women typically disadvantaged in employment relationships? What factors explain this disadvantage?Persistent gender-based differences in employment outcomes that result from structural factors in society and the economy. For example, the text book extols the benefits of diversity in the workforce, while largely ignoring the persistent wage gaps and its underlying causes. This approach is common to most HR textbook and assumes the enactment of policies and laws addressing discrimination (including sexual harassment) and pay equity have adequately resolved women’s issues. Typically, tasks for women include rears and raises and educations, maintains the household/elderly, andother social functions. Historically doing such tasks have been performed by women largely without pay or inadequate compensation. As women increasingly entered the workforce, they continued to perform a disproportionate shared of these tasks.
4.What employee and employer rights and obligations flow from the common law and from statutory law?Contracts legally enforces promises between two parties. Contract between worker and employer is called a common law contract of employment. When there is a formal dispute the matter if often settled in court. The courts turn to the common law contract to determine the rights and obligations of the employer and employee. Common law obligations are important because few employment contracts contain more than most basic terms of employment (job title, pay rate, vacation etc). Employers common law: provide work, renumeration notice of termination and safe worksitesEmployees common law obligation of good faith and fidelity, duty to obey, perform work competently and requirement to provide resignation notice. Statutory law: covers unions, common contract law is replaced by collective agreement negotiated between union and the employer.
5.How is the issue of workplace health and safety both technical and political?Technical – steps in the authority of laws, municipal – provincial – and federal Political: allocation of funds, if the proper steps aren’t taken, ie cost of something is taken as less priority,the worker at the time suffers until the policy in a new fiscal year where there are new financial resources to make health and safety a priority again.
6.Why are employers increasingly organizing work in non-standard ways? What effect does this have on women?Standard work – full time, 365 a year with single employer at a single job site with access to benefits. Most statutory employment as well as governments jobs Non standard jobs – increasing because part-time temporary contract work which has much less stability is simply cheaper. Offers less benefits, limited social benefits and less overall statutory regulation of employment conditions.