A perception by each participant that the others care for his interest will

A perception by each participant that the others care

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A perception by each participant that the others care for his interest, will reciprocate concessions and can be trusted to observe commitment: this unfortunately has suffered because of failures of compliance and attempts to reopen agreed principles of fairness. “Environmental agreements are sovereignty bargains in which states surrender some autonomy of action in order to acquire some influence on the policies of other states which impinge on them.” Nitin Desai x In the final analysis what we need is a changed mind set. Every country has to recognise that global cooperation and agreement are necessary. No country should be satisfied with the absence of an agreement or a weak agreement simply because it leaves it off the hook. Such a policy is truly short-sighted. A strong and effective global agreement is in everyone’s interest. The normal framework of reciprocal concessions that dominates international negotiations and a mind set that starts from the ethical premise that national interest trumps all other considerations cannot deliver an adequate global agreement on climate change. In the final analysis the worst risks of climate change can only be avoided by the acceptance that we are in one life boat and that steering it to safety requires that those who are most able put in a greater effort and those who are less able do what they can to avoid destabilizing the boat. 9
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i Desai Nitin , (2005) "Global Environmental Security" in Emerging Global Order and Developing Countries , University Press Limited (UPL), Dhaka ii Bjorn Lomborg, (2001) The Skeptical Environmentalist , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001 pp 305-317 iii Nordhaus, William, (2007) The Challenge of Global Warming: Economic Models and Environmental Policy , Yale University, September 2007 iv Stern, N. (2006) The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. v Nordhaus, William, (2007) , pgs 16-17 vi Stern, Nicholas, (2008) Key Elements of a Global Deal on Climate Change , London School of Economics & Political Science , London, UK . pg 3 vii McKinsey Global Institute (2008) The Carbon Productivity Challenge , McKinsey & Co viii McKinsey Global Institute (2008), pg.7 ix Sarah Gillinson, Why Cooperate? A Multi-Disciplinary Study of Collective Action, Overseas Development Institute, Working Paper 234, (London: ODI, 2004) pp 13-14. x Desai Nitin , (2005)
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