Though some slaves were house slaves or worked in

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like it and looked down on them because they had difficulty adapting. Though some slaves were house slaves or worked in cities, overall, like in the South, most Northern slaves lived in the countryside. *Atlantic Trade Patterns – “Triangular Trade”*The complex Atlantic trading system that developed as a result of the slave trade during the colonial period is often referred to as Triangular Trade– the sale and transport of slaves, the exchange of stuff they made, and the food required to feed them. New England: England wanted their trees. Selling food to English islands (for the slaves) helped trade with England. By the 1640s, New England was indirectly dependent on slave consumption. The islands: consumed products from New England and then shipped molasses, fruit, spices and slaves back to colonial ports. Africa: provided slaves, who would be sold by coastal rulers and bought by European slavers, in exchange for rum and manufactured goods. *Effects of the Slave Trade*Slaves had horrible conditions overseas. Major political and economic consequences for Africa and Europe, leading to rivalries between the powers. This caused changes in the Americas. In West Africa, where the coastal rulers served as the essential link between the Europeans and the slaves, slavery caused increased centralization because the trade created powerful kingdoms. Slavery also consequently destroyed existing trading patterns and hurt local manufacturing. Slave trade really benefited the Europeans, though it did help out some African rulers – so the powers fought to control it. The Dutch replaced the Portuguese in the 1630s, and the Dutch then lost out to the English, who took over through the Royal African Company in 1672. Even the English monopoly didn’t really last though, because by the 1700s most trading was carried out by independent traders. *Mercantilism and the Navigation Acts*The mercantilist system arose in the early 1600s, when it was believed that there was a finite amount of wealth [if they win, you lose] in the world and that governments had to control production and competition in order to gain the upper hand. It was Britain’s attempt to be totally self-sufficient, only depending on her colonies for trade. By the late 1600s, the concept developed that colonies could actually extend the amount of wealth available and that countries should exploit their colonies to provide cheap labor and raw materials, which could be processed and then sold back to the colonies at a profit. So in England, where they were looking for new sources of revenue, this sort of thinking was applied, resulting in the Navigation Acts, which were passed from 1651 to 1673, and stated that… oAll goods had to stop in England to check that [initially] ½ the crew was British [later the quota was raised to ¾, and the ships became taxed as well].

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