DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation in the old world the

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Your Answer: Explanation In the Old World the Neolithic Period was succeeded by the Bronze Age (q.v.) when human societies learned to combine copper and tin to make bronze, which replaced stone for use as tools and weapons. Question 41 of 60 The temple city of Chichen Itza is the most famous of the Maya archaeological sites in the Yucatan Peninsula. Your Answer: Explanation Chichen Itza was built about the 6th century AD by the Maya civilization in the Yucatan state of what is today known as Mexico. Question 42 of 60 The dog was the first domesticated animal. Your Answer: Explanation The earliest evidence of a domesticated dog is a jawbone dated to about 12,000 years ago found in Iraq. The domestication of dogs was followed by sheep, goats, cattle and pigs and later still by draught animals such as horses and oxen. Question 43 of 60 African Jackals may have provided one breed of domestic dog , and the donkey and the cat are clearly African. Your Answer: Explanation Some of these animals would enter religions through animistic philosophy in Egypt Question 44 of 60
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The polishing of stone implements was probably a by-product of the grinding of red ochre, in wide demand for its magic properties since the Paleolithic and extensively used in Africa in the Mesolithic and later. Your Answer: Explanation One result of the grinding of ochre was to polish the grindstone, and another, when the upper grindstone was used at an angle, was to develop a sharp edge that, produced accidentally, may have led to the idea of grinding the cutting edge of celts or other tools. Question 45 of 60 Repeated pecking of the flat surfaces of the grindstones that became too smooth to grind ochre efficiently led to perforation of the stone and thus to the development of the disk macehead of the Nile Valley. Your Answer: Explanation A celt is a common prehistoric tool of stone or metal, shaped like a chisel or ax head. Archaeology must still establish where and when celts were first ground; but the partly polished celts of the Fayum and Khartoum are probably the earliest forms of that tool known. Question 46 of 60 The cultivation of wheat, barley, and flax probably were Asiatic developments that first entered Africa through the Nile Delta. Your Answer: Explanation The cultivation of one form of wheat may have originated in Ethiopia, however. Question 47 of 60 In Egypt, civilization first reached its full development around 3000 BC, but though it passed through Copper and Bronze ages and introduced copper tools to The Sudan, there is no evidence of either of these ages in the rest of Africa . Your Answer: Explanation In the rest of Africa, a transition from the Stone Age, generally still Mesolithic in type, directly to the Iron Age took place gradually during the last two millennia and in a few places did not take place until the middle of the 20th century. However, in some localities, an intermediate state, when Neolithic forms were used, occurred (e.g., Zaire and Ghana). Elsewhere (e.g., Kenya) polished-stone celts, or axes, seem so rare that they may have been comparatively late imports from the north.
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